Climate change

Earth. © Istock

The transmission of infectious disease is determined by many factors including social, economical, ecological conditions, access to care and intrinsic human immunity. Many infectious agents, vector organisms, non-human reservoir species, and pathogen replication rates are particularly sensitive to climatic conditions. Numerous theories have been developed in recent years to explain the relationship between climate change and infectious diseases: they include higher proliferation rates at higher temperatures, extended transmission season, changes in ecological balances, and climate-related migration of vectors, reservoir hosts, or human populations. Read more about climate change in Europe


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