Campylobacteriosis

Campylobacteriosis is a bacterial diarrhoeal disease caused by Campylobacter species, found in animals such as poultry, cattle, pigs, wild birds and wild mammals.

The most frequent way of getting infected is through the consumption of contaminated food (mainly poultry) or water. Other risk factors include swimming in natural surface-waters and direct contact with infected animals.

After an incubation period of 2–5 days (range 1–10 days) common symptoms are severe abdominal pain, watery and/or bloody diarrhoea and fever. Usually, gastrointestinal symptoms are self-limiting but occasionally they will persist and result in hospitalisation. Antimicrobial therapy is seldom needed.

Campylobacter infection has been associated with complications such as later joint inflammation (5–10% of cases) and, on rare occasions, post-infectious neurological complications such as Guillain-Barré syndrome (a temporary but severe paralysis that may be total) may occur. As a prophylactic measure, control of Campylobacter colonisation in poultry is important, as well as hygienic processing of meat, and the protection and control of private drinking water supplies.

Latest outputs

News

Resistance levels still high in bacteria causing foodborne infections

News story -

Publication

The European Union Summary Report on Antimicrobial Resistance in zoonotic and indicator bacteria from humans, animals and food in 2018/2019

Surveillance report -

News

Campylobacter and Salmonella cases stable in the EU

News story -

Publication

The European Union One Health 2019 Zoonoses Report

Surveillance report -

Publication

Fourth external quality assessment on species identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Campylobacter, 2018

External quality assessment -

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Seasonality and the effects of weather on Campylobacter infections

Jan 2019

Peer-Reviewed Publication

An international outbreak of Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis linked to eggs from Poland: a microbiological and epidemiological study

Jan 2019

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Exploring campylobacter seasonality across europe using the european surveillance system (TESSy), 2008 to 2016

Jan 2019

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Was the increase in culture-confirmed Campylobacter infections in Denmark during the 1990s a surveillance artefact?

Jan 2015

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Measuring underreporting and under-ascertainment in infectious disease datasets: A comparison of methods

Feb 2014

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Disease networks

European Food- and Waterborne Diseases and Zoonoses Network (FWD-Net)