Polio is an infectious disease mostly contracted by children. One in two hundred people develop incurable paralysis after infection. In 1955, a vaccine was invented and was introduced on a wide scale. Thanks to global efforts, polio was eliminated from the Western Hemisphere by 1994, and has greatly decreased worldwide.Learn more about polio in our video!
Polio interactive map
This new interactive map shows the countries that still have cases of wild polio virus, and the countries with circulating vaccine-derived polio virus.Access the map
Keeping Europe polio free
Results of case studies on polio preparedness in Poland and Cyprus.Read the report
Annual epidemiological report
The WHO European Region was declared polio-free in 2002. Neither wild-type nor vaccine-type viruses were notified in the WHO European Region in 2017, but the risk of importation and subsequent transmission remains high in certain countries.Read the report
Preparedness and response against diseases with epidemic potential in the European Union: A qualitative case study of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and poliomyelitis in five member states
Poliovirus is highly contagious and infected individuals shed virus in the faeces and from oral secretions, thus the mode of transmission is person-to-person, both via the faecal-oral and the oral-oral routes.
Threats and outbreaks
Disease threats and outbreaks reports; Communicable disease threats report, Risk assessments.
Surveillance and disease data
ECDC’s annual epidemiological reports provide a wealth of epidemiological data to support decision-making at the national level.