Nowadays, several diseases can be prevented by vaccination. Thanks to vaccination, people can be protected against diseases that could have serious consequences for their health. Vaccination also reduces the risk of spreading the diseases among family members, school mates or colleagues, friends and neighbours, as well as to other people in the community. Research is ongoing to develop vaccines against more diseases.
Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer after breast cancer to affect women aged 15–44 years in the European Union. Each year, there are around 33 000 cases of cervical cancer in the EU, and 15 000 deaths. The primary cause of cervical cancer is a persistent infection of the genital tract by some specific types of human papillomavirus (HPV).