Diphtheria is a disease caused by bacteria Corynebacterium diphtheriae and Corynebacterium ulcerans. It can cause respiratory symptoms or non-respiratory forms that affect other parts of the body, including the skin.
An effective vaccine is available against diphtheria and mass immunisation has led to the reduction in the number of cases in Europe.
Threats and outbreaks
Disease threats and outbreaks reports; Risk assessments, Communicable disease threats report.
Diphtheria is an acute disease caused by toxin-producing strains of Corynebacterium diphtheriae (in some cases also by Corynebacterium ulcerans) bacteria, that is known to colonise mucous membranes.
ECDC encourages adoption of EU and ISO quality standards for diagnostic and reference laboratory services by its partners in EU laboratory networks and in line with national arrangements and regulations.
Children Immunization App (CIMA) among Syrian refugees in Zaatari Camp, Jordan: Protocol for a cluster randomized controlled pilot trial intervention study