Newer enhanced vaccines
Based on a systematic literature review, ECDC assessed the efficacy, effectiveness and safety of newer and enhanced inactivated seasonal influenza (flu) vaccines among those 18 years or older. These assessed are MF59® adjuvanted, cell-based, high-dose, and recombinant haemagglutinin influenza vaccines.Read more
Flu Awareness Week
The Flu Awareness Week is marked across the WHO European Region every year in October. It aims to raise awareness of the importance of vaccination for people’s health and well-being and to increase the uptake of seasonal influenza vaccination of people with underlying risk factors.Read more
European Vaccination Portal
Visit the European Vaccination Portal to get objective, up-to-date information on vaccines and vaccination.Read more
Poster: Influenza during the COVID-19 pandemic - why it's important to get vaccinated against influenza
Poster: Influenza during the COVID-19 pandemic - protect yourself and others from COVID-19 during influenza vaccination
What to expect for the influenza season 2020/21 with the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic in the World Health Organization European Region
Excess all-cause mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe – preliminary pooled estimates from the EuroMOMO network, March to April 2020
Alternating patterns of seasonal influenza activity in the WHO European Region following the 2009 pandemic, 2010-2018
- Weekly influenza update
- Influenza Virus Characterisations Reports, summary Europe
- Disease data from ECDC Surveillance Atlas
- Influenza season summaries
- Annual epidemiological reports
- National, regional and global influenza surveillance reports
- Facts about influenza surveillance
- ECDC publications and peer-reviewed articles
Microbiology and laboratory reports; External quality assessments, Influenza virus characterisations.
ECDC brings together health communication research and best practices, and develops practical resources with the aim to assist public health authorities in Member States in their health promotion initiatives.
Expert opinion on neuraminidase inhibitors for the prevention and treatment of influenza - review of recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses
Seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe – Vaccination recommendations and coverage rates for eight influenza seasons (2007–2008 to 2014–2015)
Interim 2017/18 influenza seasonal vaccine effectiveness: combined results from five European studies
Between September 2017 and February 2018, influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H3N2) and B viruses (mainly B/Yamagata, not included in 2017/18 trivalent vaccines) co-circulated in Europe. Check interim results from five European studies.Go to the article
30% of the burden of communicable diseases in Europe is due to influenza
New study in Eurosurveillance, published April 2018, on the impact of infectious diseases on population in the European Union and European Economic Area countries.Go to the article
How close are countries of the WHO European Region to achieving the goal of vaccinating 75% of key risk groups against influenza?
How close are countries of the WHO European Region to achieving the goal of vaccinating 75% of key risk groups against influenza? Results from national surveys on seasonal influenza vaccination programmes, 2008/2009 to 2014/2015. Published in the Science, 36 (4), 25 Jan 2018.Go to the article
Other types of influenza
2009 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic
The 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic was declared over in August 2010 by the World Health Organization. Europe has now entered a new inter-pandemic phase of seasonal influenza.
Avian influenza is an infectious viral disease in birds, including domestic poultry. Avian influenza is mainly found in birds, but under certain circumstances infections can also occur in humans even though the risk is generally very low.
Swine influenza is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza viruses that regularly cause outbreaks of influenza in pigs. Influenza viruses that commonly circulate in swine are called “swine influenza viruses” or “swine flu viruses.” Like human influenza viruses, there are different subtypes and strains of swine influenza viruses.