Influenza vaccine safety

Adverse reactions following vaccination

Risks of an adverse event following influenza vaccination are far less common than complications related to influenza itself, and the adverse events are generally localized and mild. Adverse reactions are more common in children not previously exposed to the vaccine or virus than in adults. The benefits of vaccination substantially outweigh the risks. 

Table 2: Comparison of risks associated with influenza disease and inactivated seasonal influenza vaccination

Risks associated with seasonal influenza infection

Risks associated with inactivated seasonal influenza vaccination*

Common symptoms

  • Fever, sore throat, runny nose, dry cough, fatigue, headache, and muscle ache
  • Croup and bronchiolitis common in children

Common adverse event (<1/100)

  • Soreness/pain, redness and/or swelling around the injection site
  • Short-term fever (1–2 days), may be high (>39.0 C°) in children
  • Short-term fatigue (1–2 days)
  • Muscle ache (1–2 days)

Possible complications

  • Bacterial pneumonia
  • Ear infection
  • Sinus infection
  • Myocarditis
  • Pericarditis
  • Worsening of chronic medical condition present before influenza illness (e.g. congestive heart failure)
  • Precipitation of severe cardiovascular or cerebrovascular event

Rare adverse event (<1/1000)

  • Urticaria
  • Febrile convulsions in children

Rare complications

  • Septicaemia
  • Encephalopathy
  • Guillain-Barré syndrome**
  • Death

Very rare adverse event (<1/10.000)

  • Anaphylaxis
  • Paresthesia

*Reported risks refer to inactivated influenza vaccines commonly used in organised immunisation programmes in the European Union. For details see Summary of Product Characteristics for each vaccine available on national regulatory agency websites.

**Julia Stowe, Nick Andrews, Lesley Wise, Elizabeth Miller Investigation of the Temporal Association of Guillain-Barré Syndrome With Influenza Vaccine and Influenza-like Illness Using the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database, American Journal of Epidemiology, Volume 169, Issue 3, 1 February 2009, Pages 382–388 /C Vellozzi, D Burwen, A Dobardzic, R Ball, K Walton, P Haber Safety of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccines in adults: background for pandemic influenza vaccine safety monitoring, Vaccine, 27 (2009), pp. 2114-2120

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Surveillance report -

Data

Table 1. Number of hospitalised laboratory-confirmed influenza cases by season, country, and level of care; eight EU countries, 2014–2015

Table -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 5-21 May 2016, week 20

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation. Summary Europe, April 2016

-

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 8-14 May 2016, week 19

-

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 24-30 April 2016, week 17

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 17-23 April 2016, week 16

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 10-16 April 2016, week 15

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, Summary Europe, March 2016

Surveillance report -

Publication

Seasonal influenza - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2014-15 season

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 3-9 April 2016, week 14

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 27 March to 2 April 2016, week 13

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable Disease Threats Report, 20-26 March 2016, week 13

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 13-19 March 2016, week 11

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 6-12 March 2016, week 10

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, Summary Europe, February 2016

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 28 February - 5 March 2016, week 9

Surveillance report -

News

WHO issues recommendation on the composition of influenza virus vaccines for the northern hemisphere 2016-2017

ECDC comment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 21-27 February 2016, week 8

Surveillance report -

Event

ECDC Acting Director’s Exchange of Views on 2015 activities before the ENVI Committee

23 Feb 2016
Brussels, Belgium

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 14-20 February 2016, week 7

Surveillance report -

Publication

Expert Opinion on neuraminidase inhibitors for prevention and treatment of influenza (Feb 2016)

Expert opinion, Public consultation -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 7-13 February 2016, week 6

Surveillance report -

Event

Fifth meeting on use of vaccines for prevention of influenza

18 Feb 2016
ECDC, Stockholm, Sweden

Publication

Mid-season risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2015–2016 in the EU/EEA countries

Risk assessment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 31 January - February 2016, week 5

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 24-30 January 2016, week 4

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 17-23 January 2016, week 3

Surveillance report -

Event

Incidence, Severity and Impact of Influenza Meeting

21 Jan 2016 - 22 Jan 2016
Paris, France

Publication

Communicable Disease Threat Report, week 2, 10-16 January 2016

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, Summary Europe, December 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 3-9 January 2016, week 1

Surveillance report -

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Predominance of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus genetic subclade 6B.1 and influenza B/Victoria lineage viruses at the start of the 2015/16 influenza season in Europe

Jan 2016

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Influenza transmission on aircraft: a systematic literature review

Jan 2016

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Highly pathogenic avian influenza a(H5N8) outbreaks: Protection and management of exposed people in Europe, 2014/15 and 2016

Jan 2016

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Vaccine hesitancy among healthcare workers in Europe: A qualitative study

Jan 2016

Peer-Reviewed Publication

ECDC expert opinion on efficacy and effectiveness of neuraminidase inhibitors published for public consultation

Jan 2016

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Decreased effectiveness of the influenza A(H1N1) pdm09 strain in live attenuated influenza vaccines: An observational bias or a technical challenge?

Jan 2016

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Improving influenza virological surveillance in europe: Strain-based reporting of antigenic and genetic characterisation data, 11 european countries, influenza season 2013/14

Jan 2016

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Where are we in our understanding of the association between narcolepsy and one of the 2009 adjuvanted influenza A (H1N1) vaccines?

Jan 2016

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, week 53 27 December 2015 - 2 January 2016

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza Virus Characterisation, Summary Europe, November 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, Week 51, 13-19 December 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 6 - 12 December 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 29 November - 5 December 2015,

Surveillance report -

Publication

Situation overview: highly pathogenic avian influenza virus A of H5 type, 2 December 2015

Risk assessment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 22-28 November 2015, week 48

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 15-21 November 2015, week 47

Surveillance report -

Event

Technical Workshop: Burden of RSV disease in Europe

23 Nov 2015 - 24 Nov 2015
ECDC, Stockholm, Sweden

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, Week 46, 8-14 November 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 1-7 November 2015, week 45

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 25-31 October 2015, Week 44

Surveillance report -

Event

Understanding the association between narcolepsy and one of the 2009 adjuvanted influenza A (H1N1) vaccines

23 Oct 2015
Geneva, Switzerland

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 18-24 October 2015, week 43

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, September 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Vaccine hesitancy among healthcare workers and their patients in Europe

Technical report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, Week 42, 11-17 October 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 4-10 October 2015, week 41

Surveillance report -

News

Seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe: country data now available

News -

Event

Avian Influenza Preparedness Workshop

6 Oct 2015 - 7 Oct 2015
ECDC, Stockholm, Sweden

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 27 Sep - 3 Oct 2015, week 40

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 20-26 Sep 2015, week 39

Surveillance report -

News

WHO recommendations for influenza virus vaccine composition for the 2016 southern hemisphere season

ECDC comment -

Event

ECDC turns 10: Looking towards the infectious disease challenges for Europe

22 Sep 2015
Stockholm

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 13-19 Sep 2015, week 38

Surveillance report -

News

IHR Emergency Committee alerts to continued and significant public health risks posed by MERS

ECDC comment -

News

Universal influenza vaccine candidates provide heterosubtypic protection in mice, ferrets and non-human primates

ECDC comment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 6-12 Sep 2015, week 37

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 30 August - 5 Sep 2015, week 36

Surveillance report -

News

Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), 1 September 2015

Epidemiological update -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 23-29 August 2015, week 35

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 16-22 August 2015, week 34

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, Summary Europe, July 2015

Surveillance report -

News

Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), 18 August 2015

Epidemiological update -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, Week 33, 9 - 15 August 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, Week 32, 2 - 8 August 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Rapid risk assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). 19th update, 31 July 2015

Risk assessment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, Week 31, 26 July - 1 August 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, Summary Europe, June 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, Week 30, 19-25 July 2015

Surveillance report -

News

Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), 21 July 2015

Epidemiological update -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, Week 29, 12-18 July 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 5-11 July 2015, week 28

Surveillance report -

News

Antibodies to influenza nucleoprotein cross-react with human hypocretin receptor 2

ECDC comment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 28 June-4 July 2015, week 27

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 21-27 June 2015, week 26

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, Week 25, 14-20 June 2015

Surveillance report -

Event

Vaccination in the EU: benefits and barriers, European Parliament Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

17 Jun 2015

Publication

Influenza Virus Characterisation, Summary Europe, May 2015

Surveillance report -

News

Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

Epidemiological update -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 7-13 June 2015, week 24

Surveillance report -

News

Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

Epidemiological update -

Event

Annual meeting of the European Influenza Surveillance Network, 2015

10 Jun 2015 - 12 Jun 2015
Stockholm

Publication

Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), 5 June 2015

Risk assessment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 31 May - 6 June 2015, week 23

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza Virus Characterisation, Summary Europe, April 2015

Surveillance report -

Data

Summary of the influenza 2014–2015 season in Europe

Infographic -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 24-30 May 2015, week 22

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 17-23 May 2015, week 21

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, Week 20, 10-16 May 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, Week 19, 3-9 May 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 26 April-2 May 2015, week 18

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 19-25 April 2015, week 17

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza Virus Characterisation, Summary Europe, March 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 12-18 April 2015, week 16

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 5-11 April 2015, week 15

Surveillance report -

News

Epidemiological update: increase in reporting of human cases of A(H5N1) influenza, Egypt, 9 April 2015

Epidemiological update -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, Week 14, 29 March-4 April 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, Week 13, 22-28 March 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 15-21 March 2015, week 12

Surveillance report -

News

WHO issues recommendation on the composition of influenza virus vaccines for the northern hemisphere 2015-2016

ECDC comment -

Publication

Rapid risk assessment: Human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus, Egypt - 1st update, 13 March 2015

Risk assessment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 8-14 March 2015, week 11

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, Summary Europe, February 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Rapid Risk Assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), 15th update, 9 March 2015

Risk assessment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 1-7 March 2015, week 10

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 22-28 February 2015, week 9

Surveillance report -

Publication

Preparedness planning for respiratory viruses in EU Member States

Technical report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 15-21 February 2015, week 8

Surveillance report -

Publication

ECDC Communicable disease threats report, Week 7, 8-14 February 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Rapid Risk Assessment: Human infection by low pathogenic avian influenza A(H7) viruses, 13 February 2015

Risk assessment -

News

Low risk to public health in the EU from low pathogenic avian influenza A(H7N7) viruses

News -

News

Epidemiological update: Human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus, China

Epidemiological update -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 1-7 February 2015, week 6

Surveillance report -

Publication

Rapid Risk Assessment: Human infection with influenza virus A(H7N9) virus - 4th update, 3 February 2015

Risk assessment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 25-31 January 2015, week 5

Surveillance report -

Publication

Risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2014–2015 in the EU/EEA countries

Risk assessment -

Event

Expert consultation on the evidence base of public health use of antivirals for prevention and treatment of influenza

10 Feb 2015 - 11 Feb 2015
Stockholm, Sweden

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 18-24 January 2015, week 4

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, December 2014

Surveillance report -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Iceland

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Spain

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Italy

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Wales

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012–13 - Country profile for Belgium

Country profile -

Publication

Seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe – Vaccination recommendations and coverage rates for 2012–13

Technical report -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Liechtenstein

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012–13 - Country profile for Croatia

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Luxembourg

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Czech Republic

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Netherlands

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for England

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Norway

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Finland

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Portugal

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Germany

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Scotland

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Hungary

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Slovenia

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Ireland

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Sweden

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012–13 - Country profile for Austria

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Latvia

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012–13 - Country profile for Bulgaria

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Lithuania

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012–13- Country profile for Cyprus

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Malta

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13- Country profile for Denmark

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Northern Ireland

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Estonia

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Poland

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for France

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Romania

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Greece

Country profile -

Data

Seasonal influenza vaccination recommendations and coverage rates, 2012/13 - Country profile for Slovakia

Country profile -

News

Council of the European Union conclusions on vaccination

ECDC comment -

Publication

ECDC Communicable disease threats report, Week 3, 11-17 January 2015

Surveillance report -

News

Influenza season has started in Europe

News -

Publication

ECDC Communicable disease threats report, Week 2, 4-10 January 2015

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 28 December 2014 - 3 January 2015, week 1

Surveillance report -

Publication

Zoonotic influenza- Annual Epidemiological Report for 2014

Publication, Surveillance report -

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Influenza surveillance in Europe. Comparing intensity levels calculated using the Moving Epidemic Method.

Jan 2015

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Biosecurity and dual-use research: gaining function - but at what cost?

Jan 2015

Peer-Reviewed Publication

The complementary roles of Phase 3 trials and post-licensure surveillance in the evaluation of new vaccines

Jan 2015

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Age-specific differences in influenza virus type and subtype distribution in the 2012/2013 season in 12 European countries

Jan 2015

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Assessment of human influenza pandemic scenarios in Europe

Jan 2015

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Influenza case definitions - optimising sensitivity and specificity

Jan 2015

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Safety of human papillomavirus vaccines: A review

Jan 2015

Publication

Communicable disease threat report, 21-27 Dec 2014, week 52

Surveillance report -

Publication

Rapid risk assessment: human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus, Egypt, 23 December 2014

Risk assessment -

Publication

Rapid risk assessment: circulation of drifted influenza A(H3N2) viruses in the EU/EEA, 22 December 2014

Risk assessment -

News

Update on narcolepsy cases associated with Pandemrix vaccination in 2009 in the Netherlands

ECDC comment -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, November 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 14-20 December 2014, week 51

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 7-13 December 2014, week 50

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 30 November - 6 December

Surveillance report -

Event

Assessing seasonal influenza vaccine effectiveness

3 Dec 2014
Stockholm

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 23-29 November 2014, week 48

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 16-22 November 2014, week 47

Surveillance report -

Publication

Rapid Risk Assessment: Outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N8) in Europe – update, 20 November 2014

Risk assessment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 9-15 November 2014, week 46

Surveillance report -

Publication

Rapid Risk Assessment: Outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N8) in Germany, 13 November 2014

Risk assessment -

News

Very low public health threat related to outbreak of avian influenza A(H5N8) in turkeys in Germany

News -

Publication

Respiratory tract infections - Annual epidemiological report for 2012-13

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 2-8 November 2014, week 45

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 26 October-1 November 2014, week 44

Surveillance report -

News

Monitoring current threats: ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR), week 43/2014

News -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 19-25 October 2014, week 43

Surveillance report -

News

Epidemiological update: MERS-CoV case imported to Turkey, 21 October 2014

Epidemiological update -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, Summary Europe, September 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 12-18 October 2014, week 42

Surveillance report -

Publication

Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus - 12th update, 16 October 2014

Risk assessment -

News

Risk to EU remains low despite a slight increase in MERS-CoV cases in the Arabian Peninsula

News -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 5-11 October 2014, week 41

Surveillance report -

News

WHO recommendations for influenza virus vaccine composition for the 2015 southern hemisphere season

ECDC comment -

News

Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

Epidemiological update -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 7-13 September 2014, week 37

Surveillance report -

Event

The 5th ESWI Influenza Conference

14 Sep 2014 - 17 Sep 2014
Riga, Latvia

Event

European Respiratory Society International Congress

6 Sep 2014 - 10 Sep 2014
Munich, Germany

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, weeks 21-35, 2014

Surveillance report -

News

Epidemiological update: H3N2v cases in Ohio, US, 4 September 2014

Epidemiological update -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, July 2014

Surveillance report -

News

​With MERS-CoV cases in steady decline, risk to EU remains low

News -

Publication

Rapid risk assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). Eleventh update, 21 August 2014

Risk assessment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 10-16 August 2014, week 33

Surveillance report -

Publication

ECDC Communicable disease threats report, Week 32, 3-9 August 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, weeks 21-30, 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, June 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Seasonal influenza - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2013-14 season

Surveillance report -

News

Circulating Avian Influenza viruses closely rlated to the 1918 virus Have pandemic potential

ECDC comment -

News

Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

Epidemiological update -

Publication

External quality assessment scheme for influenza virus detection, isolation and culture for the European Reference Laboratory Network for Human Influenza, 2013

Technical report, External quality assessment -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, May 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

External quality assessment for influenza antiviral susceptibility for the European Reference Laboratory Network for Human Influenza

Technical report, External quality assessment -

News

Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

Epidemiological update -

News

New and updated evaluations of neuraminidase inhibitors for preventing and treating influenza published

ECDC comment -

Publication

Rapid Risk Assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

Risk assessment -

Data

Summary of the influenza 2013–2014 season in Europe

Infographic -

News

FLURISK project proposes a model to rank animal influenza strains by their potential to infect humans

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 20, 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 18-24 May 2014, week 21

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, April 2014

Surveillance report -

Event

4th Joint WHO/Europe–ECDC Annual European Influenza Surveillance Meeting 2014

11 Jun 2014 - 13 Jun 2014
Vienna, Austria

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 19, 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 11-17 May 2014, week 20

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 18, 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 4 May-10 May 2014, week 19

Surveillance report -

News

Comparative community burden and severity of seasonal and pandemic influenza: results of the Flu Watch cohort study

ECDC comment -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, March 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 27 April-3 May 2014, week 18

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 17, 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Risk assessment guidelines for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft (RAGIDA): Influenza

Technical report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 16, 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 20-26 April 2014, week 17

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, February 2014

Surveillance report -

News

Epidemiological update: First imported case of MERS-CoV in Greece

Epidemiological update -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 13-19 April 2014, week 16

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 15, 2014

Surveillance report -

News

Initial studies on seasonal influenza vaccine effectiveness for 2013/2014

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 14, 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 6-12 April 2014, week 15

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 30 March - 5 April 2014, week

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 13, 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 12, 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 23-29 March 2014, week 13

Surveillance report -

Event

Fourth meeting on use of vaccines for prevention of influenza

9 Apr 2014
Stockholm

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 11 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 16-22 March 2014, week 12

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 10/2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 9-15 March 2014, week 11

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 2-8 March 2014, week 10

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 9 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2013–2014 in the EU/EEA countries

Risk assessment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 23 February-01 March 2014, week 9

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly Influenza Surveillance Overview, week 8

Surveillance report -

Publication

Rapid risk assessment: Human infections with avian influenza A viruses, China

Risk assessment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report 16-22 February 2014, week8

Surveillance report -

News

WHO issues recommendation on composition of influenza virus vaccines for northern hemisphere 2014-2015

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 7 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 6 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 9-15 February 2014, week 7

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 2-8 February 2014, week 6

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 5 2014

Surveillance report -

News

Epidemiological update A(H7N9) influenza, 6 February 2014

Epidemiological update -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 26 January - 1 February 2014, week 5

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 4 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Rapid risk assessment: Human infection with a novel avian influenza A(H7N9) virus, China - Third update

Risk assessment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 3 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 19-25 January 2014, week 4

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 12-18 January 2014, week 3

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 2 2014

Surveillance report -

Event

Influenza mortality workshop

27 Feb 2014
Stockholm, Sweden

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 5-11 January 2014, week 2

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, December 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 1, 2014

Surveillance report -

Publication

Implementation of the Council Recommendation on seasonal influenza vaccination

Technical report -

News

Epidemiological update: avian influenza A(H5N1), 8 January 2014

Epidemiological update -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 29 December 2013 - 4 January 2014, week 1

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 52 2013

Surveillance report -

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Influenza season 2012-2013 in Europe: moderate intensity, mixed (sub)types

Jan 2014

Peer-Reviewed Publication

The disease burden of hepatitis B, influenza, measles and salmonellosis in Germany: first results of the Burden of Communicable Diseases in Europe Study.

Jan 2014

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Laboratory preparedness in eu/eea countries for detection of novel avian influenza a(H7N9) virus, May 2013

Jan 2014

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Guillain-Barré syndrome and adjuvanted pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 vaccines: A multinational self-controlled case series in Europe

Jan 2014

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Influenza season 2013/14 has started in Europe with influenza A(H1)pdm09 virus being the most prevalent subtype

Jan 2014

Peer-Reviewed Publication

School closures during the 2009 influenza pandemic: National and local experiences

Jan 2014

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Costs and benefits of influenza vaccination: More evidence, same challenges

Jan 2014

Peer-Reviewed Publication

The roles of influenza virus antigens and the AS03 adjuvant in the 2009 pandemic vaccine associated with narcolepsy needs further investigation

Jan 2014

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Seasonal influenza immunisation in Europe. Overview of recommendations and vaccination coverage for three seasons: Pre-pandemic (2008/09), pandemic (2009/10) and post-pandemic (2010/11)

Jan 2014

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 51 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 21-28 December 2013, week 52

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 15-21 December 2013, week 51

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 50 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Annual Epidemiological Report 2013 [2011 data]

Surveillance report -

News

Epidemiological update: A(H7N9) influenza virus, China, 19 December 2013

Epidemiological update -

News

Influenza A(H7N9) virus gains neuraminidase inhibitor resistance without loss of in vivo virulence or transmissibility

ECDC comment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 8-14 December 2013, week 50

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 49 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 1-7 December 2013, week 49

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 6 December 2013, week 48

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 47 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 24-30 November 2013, week 48

Surveillance report -

Publication

Meeting report: Joint WHO Regional Office for Europe/ECDC Meeeting on Influenza Surveillance 2013

Meeting report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 17-23 November 2013, week 47

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, Nov 22, 2013 - week 46

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 10-16 November 2013, week 46

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, Nov 15, 2013 - week 45

Surveillance report -

Event

Joint Consultation on Pandemic and All-Hazard Preparedness

20 Nov 2013 - 21 Nov 2013
Bratislava, Slovakia

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 3-9 November 2013, week 45

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 44 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Rapid Risk Assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

Risk assessment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 27 October - 2 November 2013, week 44

Surveillance report -

Publication

Review of the scientific literature on drivers and barriers of seasonal influenza vaccination coverage in the EU/EEA

Systematic review -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 43 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 42 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 20-26 October 2013, week 43

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 41 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 14-18 October 2013, week 42

Surveillance report -

Publication

Scientific opinion on the possible risks posed by the influenza A (H3N2v) virus for animal health and its potential spread and implications for animal and human health

Expert opinion -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 7-11 October 2013, week 41

Surveillance report -

Event

Reframing the issue: workshop on seasonal influenza vaccination

4 Nov 2013
Stockholm

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 40/2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza Virus Characterisation, September 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Fortnightly influenza surveillance overview weeks 37–38/2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report 22-28 September 2013, week 39

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 15-21 September 2013, week 38

Surveillance report -

News

Epidemiological update: Highly pathogenic influenza A(H7N7) in poultry and transmission to three human poultry workers in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, September 2013

Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update: Highly pathogenic influenza A(H7N7) in poultry and transmission to three human poultry workers in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, September 2013

Epidemiological update -

Publication

Communicable Disease Threats Report 8-14 September

Surveillance report -

News

Annual influenza vaccine effectiveness meeting 2013 – summary of discussions on obtained results and recommended future research focus

ECDC comment -

Publication

Fortnightly influenza surveillance overview, weeks 35-36 2013

Surveillance report -

News

Possible animal reservoirs for MERS-CoV need further exploration

ECDC comment -

Publication

Communicable Disease Threats Report week 36

Surveillance report -

Event

Fourth Global Influenza Seroepidemiology Expert Meeting (CONSISE)

3 Sep 2013 - 4 Sep 2013
Cape Town, South Africa

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 25-31 August 2013, week 35

Surveillance report -

Publication

Fortnightly influenza surveillance overview,weeks 33-34 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 11-17 August 2013, week 33

Surveillance report -

Publication

Fortnightly influenza surveillance overview, weeks 31-32 2013

Surveillance report -

News

No Serological Evidence of Influenza A H1N1pdm09 Virus Infection as a Contributing Factor in Childhood Narcolepsy after Pandemrix™ Vaccination Campaign in Finland

ECDC comment -

Publication

Fortnightly influenza surveillance overview, weeks 29-30 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza Virus Characterisation, July 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Fortnightly Influenza surveillance overview, weeks 27–28 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza Virus Characterisation, June 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Fortnightly Influenza surveillance overview, weeks 25-26 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report 23-29 June 2013, week 26

Surveillance report -

Event

Influenza vaccine effectiveness - annual meeting of the I-MOVE network

1 Jul 2013 - 3 Jul 2013
Annecy, France

Publication

Communicable disease threats report 16-22 June 2013, week 25

Surveillance report -

Publication

Fortnightly influenza surveillance overview, weeks 23-24 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, May 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Updated Rapid Risk Assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

Risk assessment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 9-15 June 2013, week 24

Surveillance report -

Publication

Fortnightly Influenza surveillance overview, weeks 21-22 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 2-8 June 2013, week 23

Surveillance report -

Data

Summary of the influenza 2012–2013 season in the WHO European region

Infographic -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 26 May - 1 June 2013, week 22

Surveillance report -

Publication

Fortnightly influenza surveillance overview, 24 May 2013 - weeks 19-20/2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 19 - 25 May 2013, week 21

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation April 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report Week 19, 5-11 May 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Fortnightly influenza surveillance overview, 9 May 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Human infection with a novel avian influenza virus, A(H7N9), China - 2nd update, 8 May 2013

Risk assessment -

Publication

Proposed interim case definition and case finding algorithm for reporting patients infected by the avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in EU/EEA Member States

Guide, Technical guidance -

News

New Swedish Registry study confirms increased risk of narcolepsy in children and adolescents after vaccination with Pandemrix

ECDC comment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 28 April - 4 May 2013, week 18

Surveillance report -

News

ECDC publishes interim case definition and case finding algorithm for reporting patients with A(H7N9)

News -

Event

3rd Joint ECDC-WHO Europe influenza surveillance meeting, 2013

29 May 2013 - 31 May 2013
Istanbul, Turkey

News

Epidemiological update of 29 April on avian influenza A(H7N9) virus

Epidemiological update -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 21-27 April 2013, week 17

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, April 26, 2013 - Week 16

Surveillance report -

News

New toolkit available to support influenza communication campaigns

News -

Publication

Diagnostic preparedness in Europe for detection of avian influenza A(H7N9) viruses

Technical guidance, Guide -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report 14-20 April 2013, week 16

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 19 April 2013 - Week 15

Surveillance report -

News

Epidemiological update of 18 April: avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China

Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update of 15 April: avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China

Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update of 13 April: avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China

Epidemiological update -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, April 12, 2013 - Week 14

Surveillance report -

Publication

Rapid risk assessment on influenza A(H7N9) China, 12 April 2013

Risk assessment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report 7-13 April 2013, week 15

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation: Summary Europe March 2013

Surveillance report -

News

Epidemiological update of 12 April: avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China

Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update of 11 April: novel influenza A virus A(H7N9) in China

Epidemiological update -

Event

Third Global Influenza Seroepidemiology Expert Meeting (CONSISE)

22 Jan 2013 - 23 Jan 2013
Hong Kong SAR, China

News

Epidemiological update of 10 April: novel influenza A virus A(H7N9) in China

Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update: Novel influenza A virus A(H7N9) in China

Epidemiological update -

News

Epidemiological update: Seven new confirmed cases of novel influenza A virus, A(H7N9) in China, 5 April 2013

Epidemiological update -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report 31 March - 6 April 2013 , week 14

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 25-31 March 2013 - week 13

Surveillance report -

Publication

Rapid risk assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with a novel influenza A virus, A(H7N9) China

Risk assessment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 24-30 March 2013, week 13

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 18-24 March - Week 12

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 17-23 March 2013, week 12

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, Mar 22, 2013 - Week 11

Surveillance report -

News

Association of receipt of Pandemrix™ and narcolepsy in children and adolescents in the UK (England)

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, March 15, 2013 - Week 10

Surveillance report -

News

WHO Recommendation on influenza virus vaccines for the Northern Hemisphere 2013-2014 seasonArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 10-16 March 2013, week 11

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 8 March 2013, week 9

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 3-9 March 2013, week 10

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation: Summary Europe February 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Annual Epidemiological Report 2012 [2010 data]

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 24 February - 2 March 2013, week 9

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 1 March 2013, week 8

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza overview, February 22, 2013 - Week 7

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 17-23 February 2013, week 8

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, February 15, 2013 - week 6

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 10-16 February 2013, week 7

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, February 8, 2013 - Week 5

Surveillance report -

News

Estimating age specific cumulative incidence for the 2009 influenza pandemic: a meta-analysis of A(H1N1)pdm09 serological studies from 19 countries.

ECDC comment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report 3-9 February 2013, week 6

Surveillance report -

Event

Third meeting on use of vaccines for prevention of influenza

11 Feb 2013
ECDC

News

Seasonal influenza vaccine produced using recombinant technology approved for use in North America

ECDC comment -

Publication

Risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2012/13 in Europe (EU/EEA countries)

Risk assessment -

News

ECDC press release: Seasonal influenza transmission in Europe

Press release -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, February 1, 2013 - Week 4

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 27 January - 2 February 2013, week 5

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, January 25, 2013 - Week 3

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 20-26 January 2013, week 4

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, January 18, 2013

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation: Summary Europe December 2012

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 13-19 January 2013, week 3

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 11 January 2013, week 2

Surveillance report -

News

Epidemiologic framework for assessing the severity of influenza epidemics and pandemics

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, January 11, 2013 - Week 1

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 4 January 2013, week 1

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 4 January 2013, week 52/2012

Surveillance report -

Peer-Reviewed Publication

A novel reassortant avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China - what are the implications for Europe

Jan 2013

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Low and decreasing vaccine effectiveness against influenza A(H3) in 2011/12 among vaccination target groups in Europe: Results from the I-MOVE multicentre case-control study

Jan 2013

Peer-Reviewed Publication

The incidence of narcolepsy in Europe: Before, during, and after the influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 pandemic and vaccination campaigns

Jan 2013

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Low effectiveness undermines promotion of seasonal influenza vaccine.

Jan 2013

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Modelling the risk-benefit impact of H1N1 influenza vaccines

Jan 2013

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Outbreak with a novel avian influenza A(H7N9) virus in China - scenarios and triggers for assessing risks and planning responses in the European Union, May 2013.

Jan 2013

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Influenza surveillance in Europe: Establishing epidemic thresholds by the Moving Epidemic Method

Jan 2013

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Influenza serological studies to inform public health action: Best practices to optimise timing, quality and reporting

Jan 2013

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Complexities in assessing the effectiveness of inactivated influenza vaccines

Jan 2013

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Evaluation of influenza virus antiviral susceptibility testing in Europe: Results from the first external quality assessment exercise

Jan 2013

Data

ECDC Vaccine Scheduler

Tool -

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Guidance for clinical and public health laboratories testing for influenza virus antiviral drug susceptibility in Europe

Jan 2013

Peer-Reviewed Publication

The consortium for the standardization of influenza seroepidemiology (CONSISE): A global partnership to standardize influenza seroepidemiology and develop influenza investigation protocols to inform public health policy

Jan 2013

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 28 December 2012, week 52

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 28 December 2012, week 51

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, December 21, 2012 - Week 50

Surveillance report -

News

How effective were neuraminidase inhibitors during the 2009 pandemic?Archived

ECDC comment -

News

Better seasonal influenza vaccines to improve coverage in EuropeArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation - Summary Europe, November 2012

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 14 December 2012 - week 49

-

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 9-15 December 2012, week 50

Surveillance report -

News

It’s time to protect yourself and those around you against influenzaArchived

News -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 2-8 December 2012, week 49

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 7 December 2012 - week 48

Surveillance report -

Publication

Rapid Risk Assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with a novel coronavirus

Risk assessment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 25 November-1 December 2012, week 48

Surveillance report -

News

An area of controversy – immunising pregnant women against seasonal influenzaArchived

ECDC comment -

News

Epidemiological update: novel coronavirus, 30 November 2012Archived

Epidemiological update -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, November 30. 2012 Week 47

Surveillance report -

News

Historical Study Epidemiological isolation causing variable mortality in Pacific island populations during the 1918-1920 influenza pandemicArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, November 23, 2012 - Week 46

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 18-24 November 2012, week 47

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 11-17 November 2012, week 46

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly Influenza Surveillance Overview, November 16, 2012 - Week 45

Surveillance report -

Publication

External quality assessment scheme for antiviral susceptibility detection in influenza viruses

Technical report, External quality assessment -

Publication

Annual Influenza Meeting Report 2012

Meeting report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation - Summary Europe, October 2012

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview November 9, 2012 week 44

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 4-10 November 2012, week 45

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 28 October - 3 November 2012, week 44

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 22-28 October 2012 - week 43

Surveillance report -

News

Were health care workers with patient contact at greater risk of being infected with influenza in the 2009 pandemic?Archived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 15-21 October 2012 - week 42

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 21-27 October 2012, week 43

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 8-14 October 2012, week 41

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 14-20 October 2012, week 42

Surveillance report -

News

A review of the effect of immunization programs on antimicrobial utilizationArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Influenza in Europe 2011–2012 surveillance report

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 7-13 October 2012, week 41

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, week 40, 1-7 October 2012

Surveillance report -

News

WHO announcement of strains to be included in the Southern Hemisphere 2013 influenza vaccine compositionArchived

ECDC comment -

News

Workshop on seasonal influenza public health programmes brings together professionals from 19 European countriesArchived

Expert meeting -

News

Analyses of the relationship between work absenteeism and influenza in NorwayArchived

ECDC comment -

Event

Development of public health programmes for prevention and control of seasonal influenzaArchived

8 Oct 2012 - 10 Oct 2012
Stockholm, Sweden

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation - Summary Europe, September 2012

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview October 5, 2012 - Week 39

-

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 30 September - 6 October 2012, week 40

Surveillance report -

Publication

Public health guidance: Seasonal influenza vaccination of children and pregnant women

Public health guidance -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 23-29 September 2012, week 39

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 10-23 September 2012 - weeks 37-38

Surveillance report -

News

Narcolepsy and Pandemrix Vaccine – an association in adults as well as childrenArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 16-22 September 2012, week 38

Surveillance report -

Publication

Technical report In Brief: Narcolepsy in association with pandemic influenza vaccination

Technical report -

Publication

Narcolepsy in association with pandemic influenza vaccination – a multi-country European epidemiological investigation

Technical report -

Publication

Weekly Influenza Surveillance Overview September 14, 2012- Weeks 35-36

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 9-15 September, week 37

Surveillance report -

News

Oseltamivir-resistant influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 influenza virus in Dutch travellers returning from Spain, August 2012Archived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 2-8 September 2012, week 36

Surveillance report -

Event

European Respiratory Society Annual Congress 2012Archived

1 Sep 2012 - 5 Sep 2012
Vienna, Austria

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 26 Aug - 1 Sep, week 35

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview August 31, 2012 - Weeks 33-34

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 19-25 August 2012, week 34

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation - July 2012

Surveillance report -

News

Genetic basis of pathogenicity of influenza: 1. Genes in humans associated with more severe influenza 2. A new genetic virological factor in influenza viruses that modulates the host response.Archived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Risk assessment: Swine-origin triple reassortant influenza A(H3N2) variant viruses in North America

Risk assessment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, August 17, 2012 weeks 31 - 32

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 12-18 August 2012, week 33

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats, 5-11 August 2012, week 32

Surveillance report -

News

Epi update: Increase in number of human cases of variant influenza A(H3N2)v virus infection in the United StatesArchived

News -

Publication

Fortnightly influenza surveillance overview, 16-29 July 2012, weeks 29-30

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats, 29 July - 4 August 2012, week 31

Surveillance report -

News

Cross-species avian influenza among mammalians - report of fatal avian influenza in New England harbour sealsArchived

ECDC comment -

News

Influenza A (H3N2)v Virus in Humans and Swine in the United States – an updateArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats, 22-28 July 2012, week 30

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 15-21 July, week 29

Surveillance report -

Publication

Fortnightly influenza surveillance overview, 2-15 July 2012, weeks 27-28

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation - Summary Europe, June 2012

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 8-14 July, week 28

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 1-7 July 2012, week 27

Surveillance report -

Publication

Fortnightly influenza surveillance overview, 18 June – 1 July 2012, weeks 25 – 26

Surveillance report -

News

Publication of papers concerning laboratory modified A(H5N1) viruses that transmit naturally between and animal model for human influenzaArchived

ECDC comment -

News

First estimates of the global numbers of deaths associated with the 2009 pandemicArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 24-30 June, week 26

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 17-23 June 2012, week 25

Surveillance report -

Publication

Fortnightly influenza surveillance overview, 4-17 June 2012, weeks 23-24

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 10-16 June 2012, week 24

Surveillance report -

Publication

Severe influenza surveillance in Europe

-

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 3-9 June, week 23

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, June 8, 2012

-

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 27 May - 2 June 2012, week 22

Surveillance report -

Event

Joint ECDC and WHO/Europe annual influenza meeting, 2012Archived

30 May 2012 - 1 Jun 2012
Warsaw, Poland

Event

Second Joint ECDC/WHO Europe influenza meetingArchived

30 May 2012 - 1 Jun 2012
Warsaw, Poland

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, May 25, 2012 - Week 20

Surveillance report -

News

New WHO recommendations on seasonal influenza immunization from the Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization (SAGE) - adding pregnant women as the highest priority and consideration of immunising children aged 6 months to 5 yearsArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 20-26 May 2012, week 21

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 13-19 May 2012, week 20

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 17 May 2012 - week 19

Surveillance report -

Event

Annual I-MOVE network meetingArchived

14 May 2012 - 16 May 2012
Rome

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 6-12 May 2012, week 19

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 11 May 2012 - week 18

Surveillance report -

Publication

External quality assessment scheme for influenza virus detection and culture for the Community Network of Reference Laboratories for Human Influenza in Europe 2010/2011

Technical report, External quality assessment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 29 April - 5 May 2012, week 18

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 4 May 2012 - week 17

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 22-28 April 2012, week 17

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation - Summary Europe, March 2012

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, April 27 2012 - Week 16

Surveillance report -

News

Reproducibility of serology assays for influenza A(H1N1)2009pdmArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

CNRL in silico exercise to determine the capabilities of network laboratories to detect triple reassortant swine origin influenza A(H3N2) viruses

Technical report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, April 20 2012 - Week 15

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 15-20 April 2012, week 16

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza A(H3N2)v laboratory detection questionnaire results

Technical report -

Publication

Molecular surveillance strategy for human influenza in Europe

Meeting report -

News

Report on the association between the 2009 pandemic vaccine (Pandemrix®) and narcolepsy – Republic of IrelandArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 8-14 April 2012, week 15

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 2-8 April 2012, week 14

-

News

Lower than usual: early influenza vaccine effectiveness in parts of Europe in season 2011/12Archived

ECDC comment -

News

Study shows decreased vaccine effectiveness of the seasonal influenza vaccine; ECDC Director urges to develop more effective vaccinesArchived

News -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 1-7 April 2012, week 14

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 26 March - 1 April 2012, week 13/2012

Surveillance report -

Publication

Key changes to pandemic plans by Member States of the WHO European Region based on lessons learnt from the 2009 pandemic

Meeting report -

News

Controversial research on modifying A(H5N1) influenza viruses in the laboratoryArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview March 30 2012 - Week 12

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 25-31 March 2012, week 13

Surveillance report -

News

Association of childhood narcolepsy and cataplexy and receipt of a pandemic influenza vaccine in Finland in 2009-10 – First papers in a peer review journalArchived

ECDC comment -

News

Controversial research modifying A(H5N1) influenza viruses in the laboratory – Formal report of WHO technical consultationArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, March 23, 2012 - Week 11

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 18-24 March 2012, week 12

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 16 March 2012 - week 10

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 11-17 March 2012, week 11

Surveillance report -

Publication

Risk assessment: Seasonal influenza 2011–2012 in Europe (EU/EEA countries)

Risk assessment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 9 March 2012 - week 9

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 4 March - 10 March 2012, week 10

Surveillance report -

Publication

Risk assessment: seasonal influenza 2011-2012 in Europe

Surveillance report -

News

Ferrets as experimental models of influenza in humansArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation report February 2012

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 26 February - 3 March 2012, week 9

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 2 March 2012 - week 8

Surveillance report -

News

WHO recommendation on influenza virus vaccines for the northern hemisphere 2012-2013 seasonArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Risk assessment: Laboratory-created A(H5N1) viruses transmissible between ferrets

Risk assessment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 24 February 2012 - week 7

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, week 8, 19-25 February 2012

Surveillance report -

Event

Training workshop on vaccine safety for Member States, building on the experience obtained in the ECDC vaccine safety project VAESCOArchived

23 Feb 2012 - 24 Feb 2012
Stockholm, Sweden

News

How spread of the influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 pandemic was affected by school closures – Alberta, CanadaArchived

ECDC comment -

News

Oseltamivir-resistant influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 patterns across the globe: findings in Australia (season 2011) and United States (season 2010-11)Archived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, week 7, 12-18 February 2012

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 6-12 February 2012 - Week 6

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, week 6, 5-11 February 2012

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 30 January-5 February 2012 - Week 5

Surveillance report -

News

Facemasks and good hand hygiene to reduce influenza transmission in households – Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial in GermanyArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 23-29 January 2012 - Week 4

Surveillance report -

News

Sentinel Surveillance for Severe Influenza in England (United Kingdom)Archived

ECDC comment -

News

Safety, Reactogenicity and Immunogenicity of the Human Rotavirus Vaccine in Pre-Term European Infants: A Randomized Phase IIIb StudyArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 16-22 January 2012 - Week 3

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 9 - 15 January 2012 - Week 2

Surveillance report -

News

The importance of analyses of antigenic match and monitoring influenza vaccine effectivenessArchived

ECDC comment -

News

Application of Virological Risk Assessments: US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) sponsors clinical trials of a vaccine targeted to a novel A(H3N2)v influenza strainArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 2 - 8 January 2012 - Week 1

Surveillance report -

News

United Kingdom – recent official seasonal influenza publicationsArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, Jan 6, 2012 - Week 52

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation report December 2011

Surveillance report -

Publication

Rapid risk assessment: Human fatality from highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) virus infection in Guangdong province, China

Risk assessment -

Peer-Reviewed Publication

The use of masks and respirators to prevent transmission of influenza: A systematic review of the scientific evidence

Jan 2012

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Opportunities and challenges of Web 2.0 for vaccination decisions

Jan 2012

Peer-Reviewed Publication

I-MOVE: a European network to measure the effectiveness of influenza vaccines

Jan 2012

Peer-Reviewed Publication

The importance of influenza prevention for public health

Jan 2012

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Influenza-related deaths - available methods for estimating numbers and detecting patterns for seasonal and pandemic influenza in Europe

Jan 2012

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Early estimates of seasonal influenza vaccine effectiveness in Europe among target groups for vaccination: results from the I-MOVE multicentre case-control study, 2011/12

Jan 2012

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Overrepresentation of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus among severe influenza cases in the 2011/12 season in four European countries

Jan 2012

Peer-Reviewed Publication

A collaborative approach to investigating the risk of thrombocytopenic purpura after measles-mumps-rubella vaccination in England and Denmark

Jan 2012

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Comment on seroevidence for H5N1 influenza infections in humans: Meta-analysis""

Jan 2012

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 30 December 2011 - Week 51

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 12 – 18 Dec 2011 (week 50)

Surveillance report -

Publication

Summary report: Joint ECDC/WHO Europe Meeting on Influenza Surveillance

Surveillance report -

News

Immunogenicity and Safety of 13-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine in Children Previously Immunized With 7-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate VaccineArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 5 – 11 Dec 2011 (week 49)

Surveillance report -

News

French Influenza Pandemic Preparedness and Response planArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Swine-origin triple reassortant influenza A(H3N2) viruses in North America

Risk assessment -

News

United States: 2011 National Influenza Vaccination WeekArchived

ECDC comment -

News

Overall and stratified estimates of influenza vaccine effectiveness in Europe for the season 2010-2011Archived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 28 Nov – 4 Dec 2011 (week 48)

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza surveillance in Europe

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 21 – 27 Nov 2011 (week 47)

Surveillance report -

Publication

Risk assessment: Swine-origin triple reassortant influenza A(H3N2) viruses in North America

Risk assessment -

News

Swine influenza in humans: update from Iowa State (United States)Archived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 14 - 20 Nov 2011 (Week 46)

Surveillance report -

Publication

Review of ECDC’s response to the influenza pandemic 2009/10

Corporate publication, Evaluation -

Event

Workshop on Seasonal Influenza VaccinationArchived

22 Nov 2011
European Parliament, Brussels

News

Seasonal influenza vaccination: ECDC organises a workshop at the European ParliamentArchived

News -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 7 - 13 Nov 2011 (Week 45)

Surveillance report -

Event

Molecular surveillance strategy for human influenzaArchived

17 Nov 2011 - 18 Nov 2011
ECDC, Stockholm (Sweden)

News

New (Post Pandemic 2009) UK Influenza Pandemic Preparedness StrategyArchived

ECDC comment -

Event

2nd Global Influenza Seroepidemiology Expert Meeting (attendance by Invitation)Archived

1 Dec 2011 - 2 Dec 2011
ECDC, Stockholm

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 31 Oct - 6 Nov 2011 (Week 44)

Surveillance report -

News

Global estimates of the direct burden of influenza on the health of younger children (under age 5 years) including separate estimates for the European RegionArchived

ECDC comment -

News

Weekly Influenza Surveillance Overview (WISO) and new study presenting global estimates of the burden seasonal influenza in children publishedArchived

News -

Publication

Annual epidemiological report 2011 [2009 data]

Surveillance report -

News

Systematic review and meta-analysis concerning the efficacy and effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccines – (part 2)Archived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 24 Oct - 30 Oct 2011 (Week 43)

Surveillance report -

News

True swine influenza in humans: recent different findings in the United States and Europe (Germany)Archived

ECDC comment -

News

Influenza vaccine effectiveness: results of the ECDC/I-MOVE studies and other studiesArchived

News -

News

Systematic review and meta-analysis concerning the efficacy and effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccines – (part 1)Archived

ECDC comment -

News

Two recent studies the severity and mortality features of the 2009 pandemic in the UK and MexicoArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 10 Oct - 16 Oct 2011 (Week 41)

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 3 Oct - 9 Oct 2011 (Week 40)

Surveillance report -

Event

Tackling seasonal influenza in Europe: Success stories from European countriesArchived

13 Oct 2011
Stockholm, Sweden

News

WHO announcement of recommended strains to be included in the Southern Hemisphere 2012 influenza vaccine compositionArchived

ECDC comment -

News

Recent findings about the clinical consequences of the 1918 pandemic – two further studies describing male autopsy results and female birth rate decline and miscarriagesArchived

ECDC comment -

Event

Workshop on Development of public health programmes for prevention and control of seasonal influenzaArchived

10 Oct 2011 - 12 Oct 2011
Stockholm, Sweden

Event

Influenza Workshop WeekArchived

10 Oct 2011 - 14 Oct 2011
ECDC

News

Surveillance and immunisation are keys to protect Europe against seasonal influenzaArchived

News -

Publication

Bi-weekly influenza surveillance overview, 19 Sept/2 Oct 2011 - Weeks 38-39

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, summary Europe, August and September 2011

Surveillance report -

Event

The use of vaccines for prevention of seasonal and pandemic influenzaArchived

3 Oct 2011
ECDC

News

Two evaluations of the response to the 2009 Pandemic in Spain: Surveillance and Vaccines and antiviralsArchived

ECDC comment -

Event

European Respiratory Society (ERS), Annual CongressArchived

24 Sep 2011 - 28 Sep 2011
Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Publication

Bi-weekly influenza surveillance overview,5-18 Sept 2011 - Weeks 36-37

Surveillance report -

Event

Joint ECDC/WHO Regional Office for Europe Workshop on Pandemic PreparednessArchived

22 Sep 2011 - 23 Sep 2011
Athens

Publication

Rapid risk assessment: A(H5N1) Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Egypt – Implications for human health in Europe

Risk assessment -

Publication

Bi-weekly influenza surveillance overview, 22 Aug-4 Sept 2011 - Weeks 34-35

Surveillance report -

Event

Joint ECDC/WHO Regional Office for Europe Workshop on Pandemic PreparednessArchived

8 Sep 2011 - 9 Sep 2011
Lisbon

Publication

Rapid risk assessment: Oseltamivir-resistant influenza A(H1N1)2009 cluster in Australia

Risk assessment -

News

Chronological overview of the 2009/2010 H1N1 influenza pandemic and the response of the Centre for Infectious Disease Control (RIVM)Archived

ECDC comment -

Event

Joint ECDC/WHO Regional Office for Europe Workshop on Pandemic PreparednessArchived

1 Sep 2011 - 2 Sep 2011
ECDC – Board Room

Publication

Rapid risk assessment: Potential resurgence of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza

Risk assessment -

Publication

Meeting report: Understanding the behavioural aspects and the role of health communication in mitigating the impact of seasonal influenza

Meeting report -

Publication

Bi-weekly surveillance overview, 26 Aug 2011 (erratum from 14 Sept 2011)

Surveillance report -

News

Difficulties in estimating early incidence of influenza infection in a pandemic – study with multiple approaches in Singapore and a review of other studiesArchived

ECDC comment -

News

Issues around the definitions and severity of pandemic influenzaArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Bi-weekly influenza surveillance overview, 25 Jul-07 Aug 2011 - Weeks 30-31

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, summary Europe, July 2011

Surveillance report -

News

Demonstration by European team of a human monoclonal antibody capable of neutralizing all types of influenza A virusesArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Bi-weekly influenza surveillance overview, 29 July 2011 - Weeks 28-29

Surveillance report -

News

Recommendation by the European Medicines Agency concerning Pandemrix vaccination and reports of narcolepsy in children and adolescentsArchived

ECDC comment -

News

EMA's Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) issues opinion on narcolepsy and vaccination with Pandemrix®Archived

News -

News

Poor pregnancy outcomes associated with maternal infection with the A(H1N1) 2009 virus during the pandemic – findings from a European cohort studyArchived

ECDC comment -

News

Virological Risk Assessment of Pandemic Potential - EFSA Call for proposalsArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Bi-weekly influenza surveillance overview, 15 July 2011, weeks 26-27

Surveillance report -

News

No association found between pandemic influenza vaccination and Guillain-Barre Syndrome in EuropeArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Bi-weekly influenza surveillance overview, 26 Jun 2011, Weeks 24-25

Surveillance report -

News

Start of the 2011 influenza season in the Southern Hemisphere - South AfricaArchived

ECDC comment -

News

Case inventory study from Sweden concerning association of Pandemrix vaccination and reports of narcolepsy with cataplexy in children and adolescentsArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, summary Europe, May-June 2011

Surveillance report -

News

Global Action Plan to increase supply of pandemic influenza vaccines (GAP-II)Archived

ECDC comment -

News

Oseltamivir effective in reducing risk of some complications of fluArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Bi-weekly influenza surveillance overview, 17 June 2011 - Weeks 21-23

Surveillance report -

News

WHO's Final Report on the functioning of the International Health Regulations (IHR) in relation to the 2009 A(H1N1) pandemic - the Fineberg reportArchived

ECDC comment -

News

Transmission patterns during the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemicArchived

ECDC comment -

Event

Joint ECDC and WHO European regional influenza surveillance meeting, 2011

7 Jun 2011 - 9 Jun 2011
Ljubljana, Slovenia

News

The real issues in vaccine safetyArchived

ECDC comment -

News

European Medicines Agency (EMA) 2009 Influenza Pandemic EvaluationArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 27 May 2011 - Week 20

Surveillance report -

News

Narcolepsy following pandemic influenza A H1N1 2009 vaccination - ECDC update: the European Medicines Agency interim measures for PandemrixArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 20 May 2011 - Week 19

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, summary Europe, April 2011

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 13 May 2011 - Week 18

Surveillance report -

News

Are statins protective in patients with severe respiratory infections? Two new studies from EuropeArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, 6 May - Week 17

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly Influenza Surveillance Overview, 29 April 2011 - Week 16

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly Influenza Surveillance Overview, 21 April 2011 - Week 15

Surveillance report -

News

Pandemic Influenza Preparedness - Significant agreement on sharing of influenza viruses samples and benefit sharing at a global Open Ended Working Group (Geneva April 11th-16th)Archived

ECDC comment -

News

First post-2009 national pandemic plan published in Europe? UK Pandemic Preparedness Strategy 2011Archived

ECDC comment -

News

The burden of pandemic influenza A(H1N1)2009 in the NetherlandsArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly Influenza Surveillance Overview, 15 April 2011 - Week 14

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, summary Europe, March 2011

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, April 8, Week 13

Surveillance report -

News

Differing patterns of influenza activity in the southern hemisphere during and between the 2009 pandemic and the 2010 winter influenza season – the usefulness for EuropeArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, April 1, 2011 - Week 12

Surveillance report -

News

Swedish MPA publishes interim results of a cohort study assessing the risk of narcolepsy after vaccination with Pandemic influenza vaccine Pandemrix®Archived

ECDC comment -

News

Obesity and 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1) – its role and implications as an important risk factor for the development of severe influenza diseaseArchived

ECDC comment -

News

European Parliament resolution on the evaluation of the management of H1N1 influenza in 2009-2010 in the EUArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, March 25, 2011 - Week 11

Surveillance report -

News

Field and epidemiological investigations during the 2009 influenza pandemic conducted in the United States: similar approaches in diverse settingsArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, March 18, 2011 - Week 10

Surveillance report -

News

Sweden - Influenza A(H1N1)2009: Evaluation of preparation and handling of the pandemicArchived

ECDC comment -

News

Influenza Innovation: Santa Claus is coming to town ….during the flu season - an influenza education and communication campaign from HungaryArchived

ECDC comment -

News

Global Review of recent Antiviral Resistance dataArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, March 11, 2011 - Week 9

Surveillance report -

News

Findings about serological variations observed in patients during the 2009 pandemic in England (UK) – fresh assessment of the evidenceArchived

ECDC comment -

News

Pandemic influenza A(H1N1) 2009 – the experience and pressure on Intensive Care Units (ICU’s) - implications for specialists in critical careArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, March 4, 2011 - Week 8

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, summary Europe, February 2011

Surveillance report -

News

Reports of cases of narcolepsy and cataplexy in children and adolescents in Finland, Iceland, and SwedenArchived

ECDC comment -

News

Evidence from autopsies on the pathogenesis and pathological findings of the 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1) – implications for clinical care and disease burdenArchived

ECDC comment -

News

Influenza vaccine: selection of strains to be included in the seasonal vaccine for the Northern Hemisphere 2011-2012 – Early indications of seasonal vaccine effectiveness in EuropeArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, February 25, 2011 - Week 7

Surveillance report -

News

The role of social networks in pandemic influenza transmission in and from schools – an example from the United StatesArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, February 18, 2011 - Week 6

Surveillance report -

News

Interpreting trends in consultations for influenza disease – varying ‘multipliers’Archived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview, February 11, 2011 - Week 5

Surveillance report -

Event

International meeting on influenza seroprevalence studiesArchived

9 Feb 2011 - 10 Feb 2011
Ottawa, Canada

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview February 04, 2011 - Week 4

Surveillance report -

News

Two Influenza Education Innovations from the United StatesArchived

ECDC comment -

News

ECDC – VAESCO investigation into narcolepsyArchived

ECDC comment -

News

Influenza vaccination of health care workers in hospitals - a review of studies on attitudes and predictorsArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview January 28, 2011 - Week 3

Surveillance report -

News

Influenza A(H1N1)2009 and vascular thrombosis - report of a case seriesArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

ECDC Forward Look Risk Assessment: Seasonal influenza 2010–2011 in Europe

Risk assessment -

News

Knowledge, attitudes and practices of business travelers regarding influenza and the use of antiviral medicationArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview January 21, 2011 - Week 2

Surveillance report -

Publication

Annual meeting of the European Influenza Surveillance Network

Meeting report -

News

Influenza season 2010/11 – Norway’s risk assessment and revisited vaccine recommendationsArchived

ECDC comment -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, summary Europe, December 2010

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview January 14, 2011 - Week 1

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview January 7, 2011 - Week 52

Surveillance report -

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Early estimates of seasonal influenza vaccine effectiveness in Europe, 2010/11: I-MOVE, a multicentre case-control study

Jan 2011

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Guillain-Barré syndrome and adjuvanted pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 vaccine: Multinational case-control study in Europe

Jan 2011

Peer-Reviewed Publication

European risk assessment guidance for infectious diseases transmitted on aircraft - the RAGIDA project

Jan 2011

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Preliminary implications for Europe of the 2011 influenza season in five temperate southern hemisphere countries

Jan 2011

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Travel-related imported infections in Europe, EuroTravNet 2009

Jan 2011

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Lessons learnt from pandemic A(H1N1) 2009 influenza vaccination. Highlights of a European workshop in Brussels (22 March 2010)

Jan 2011

Peer-Reviewed Publication

I-move multi-centre case control study 2010-11: Overall and stratified estimates of influenza vaccine effectiveness in Europe

Jan 2011

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Planning for uncertainty: A European approach to informing responses to the severity of influenza epidemics and pandemics

Jan 2011

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Influenza surveillance in Europe

Jan 2011

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview December 30, 2010 - Week 51

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview December 23, 2010 - Week 50

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview December 17, 2010 - Week 49

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview December 10, 2010 - Week 48

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview December 3, 2010 - Week 47

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview November 26, 2010 - Week 46

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview November 19, 2010 - Week 45

Surveillance report -

Publication

Annual Epidemiological Report 2010 [2008 data]

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview November 12, 2010 - Week 44

Surveillance report -

Publication

The 2009 A(H1N1) pandemic in Europe, a review of the experience

Technical report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview November 5, 2010 - Week 43

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview October 29, 2010 - Week 42

Surveillance report -

Publication

ECDC Forward look risk assessment (Update 28 October 2010): Likely scenarios and uncertainties in the 2010/2011 influenza season in Europe and beyond

Risk assessment -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview October 22, 2010 - Week 41

Surveillance report -

Publication

Weekly influenza surveillance overview October 15, 2010 - Week 40

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, summary Europe, September 2010

Surveillance report -

Publication

Bi-weekly influenza surveillance overview October 08, 2010 - Weeks 38 – 39

Surveillance report -

Publication

Bi-weekly influenza surveillance overview September 24, 2010 - Weeks 36 - 37

Surveillance report -

Publication

Bi-weekly influenza surveillance overview September 10, 2010 - Weeks 34 - 35

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, summary Europe, August 2010

Surveillance report -

Publication

Bi-weekly influenza surveillance overview, August 27, 2010 - Weeks 32 - 33

Surveillance report -

Publication

Bi-weekly influenza surveillance overview, August 13, 2010 - Weeks 30 - 31

Surveillance report -

Publication

Influenza virus characterisation, summary Europe, July 2010

Surveillance report -

Publication

Bi-weekly influenza surveillance overview, July 30, 2010 - Weeks 28 - 29

Surveillance report -

Publication

Bi-weekly influenza surveillance overview, July 16, 2010 - Weeks 26 - 27

Surveillance report -

Publication

Strategies for disease-specific programmes 2010-2013

Corporate publication, Strategy -