Tuberculosis

Macrophage engulfing TB bacteria, SEM. © Science Photo Library

Tuberculosis (TB) is a severe infectious disease caused by various strains of mycobacteria, most commonly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB affects the lungs (pulmonary tuberculosis), but can also manifest outside the lungs (extrapulmonary tuberculosis). People are infected with TB by inhaling airborne droplets produced by infectious TB carriers - for example when coughing or sneezing. Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) carriers are asymptomatic and not infectious. About 10% of those with LTBI develop active TB. Read more facts about tuberculosis

Latest updates

Publication

Tuberculosis - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2019

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 4-10 July 2021, week 27

Publication -

Publication

Tuberculosis surveillance and monitoring in Europe 2021 –2019 data

Surveillance report -

News

Ending tuberculosis is a race against time and drug resistance

Press release -

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on tuberculosis laboratory services in Europe

Jan 2021

Data

Treatment success as of 2017 in all TB cases

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Data

Treatment success as of 2017 in XDR TB

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Data

Map: Tuberculosis in the EU/EEA 2017

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Data

Treatment success as of 2017 in MDR TB

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Data

Figure 1. Notification rate of TB cases per 100 000 population by country, EU/EEA, 2015

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Data

Infographic: Pulmonary tuberculosis in the EU/EEA, 2019

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Data

Infographic: Tuberculosis treatment outcomes in the European Region

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Data

Multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis in the EU/EEA, 2019

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Data

Infographic: Tuberculosis cases in Europe, 2019

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Data

Infographic: Tuberculosis in the EU/EEA 2019

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Peer-Reviewed Publication

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on tuberculosis laboratory services in Europe

Jan 2021

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Use of a whole genome sequencing-based approach for Mycobacterium tuberculosis surveillance in Europe in 2017-2019: an ECDC pilot study

Jan 2021

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Reporting of interferon-gamma release assay results close to cut-off values

Jan 2021

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Strengthening screening for infectious diseases and vaccination among migrants in Europe: What is needed to close the implementation gaps?

Jan 2021

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Extrapulmonary tuberculosis among migrants in Europe, 1995 to 2017

Dec 2020

Disease networks

European Tuberculosis Surveillance Network

European Reference Laboratory Network for TB (ERLTB-Net)