Surveillance and disease data for tuberculosis

Surveillance is a crucial component in the control and elimination of TB in the European Union and European Economic Area. An accurate overview of the TB situation enables the strengths of TB control to be identified and the remaining challenges to be addressed. Together with the World Health Organization’s Regional Office for Europe, ECDC collects and disseminates TB surveillance data for the European region.

Whole genome sequencing for molecular typing and characterisation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

ECDC has initiated a 30-month (2017–2020) pilot project on the use of whole genome sequencing (WGS) for molecular typing and characterisation of M. tuberculosis in the EU/EEA. The pilot project is led by four European Research and Public Health Institutes (Ospedale San Raffaele, Forschungszentrum Borstel, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment and Public Health England), with extensive expertise on the use of WGS for M. tuberculosis complex strain characterisation and operational aspects for optimal implementation of WGS-based TB epidemiological surveillance.

Monitoring and evaluation

ECDC analyses trends in TB notification rates across the EU/EEA to assess how the region is progressing towards TB elimination. The performance of countries in tackling TB is monitored using the indicators of the ‘Roadmap to implement the tuberculosis action plan for the WHO European Region 2016–2020’.

Surveillance data


TB Surveillance Network