Healthcare-associated infections

Healthcare-associated infections are infections acquired by patients during their stay in a hospital or another healthcare setting. Although some of these infections can be treated easily, others may more seriously affect a patient’s health, increasing their stay in the hospital and hospital costs, and causing considerable distress to these patients. 

The most frequently reported types of healthcare-associated infections are respiratory tract infections, surgical site infections, urinary tract infections, bloodstream infections and gastro-intestinal infections, with Clostridium difficile infections representing almost half of the gastro-intestinal infections.

Latest outputs

Publication

Data collection on COVID-19 outbreaks in closed settings with a completed vaccination programme: long-term care facilities, version 2.0

Technical report -

News

ECDC Rapid Risk Assessment: Several recent COVID-19 outbreaks in long-term care facilities in the EU/EEA

News story -

Publication

Rapid Risk Assessment: COVID-19 outbreaks in long-term care facilities in the EU/EEA in the context of current vaccination coverage

Risk assessment -

Publication

Rapid risk assessment: Increase in OXA-244 -producing Escherichia coli in the European Union/European Economic Area and the UK since 2013, first update

Risk assessment -

News

SAVE LIVES: Clean Your Hands – ECDC supports World Hand Hygiene Day 2021

Campaign -

Data

Video on hand hygiene - The invisible challenge: in healthcare settings

Video -

Data

Infographic: Infection prevention and control in primary care

Infographic -

Data

Infographic: Use of gloves in healthcare and non-healthcare settings in the context of COVID-19

Infographic -

Data

Infographic: COVID-19 in care homes

Infographic -

Data

Infographic: COVID-19 contact tracing

Infographic -

Event

E-learning on Antimicrobial Stewardship

ECDC Virtual Academy

Event

E-Learning for front-line managers on COVID-19 response to vulnerable populations (24 languages)

ECDC Virtual Academy

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Epidemiological situation, laboratory capacity and preparedness for carbapenem-resistant acinetobacter baumannii in Europe, 2019

Nov 2020

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Healthcare-Associated Legionnaires' Disease, Europe, 2008-2017

Oct 2020

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Automated digital reporting of clinical laboratory information to national public health surveillance systems, results of a EU/EEA survey, 2018

Oct 2020

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Genomic epidemiology of emerging ESBL-producing Salmonella Kentucky blaCTX-M-14b in Europe

Sep 2020

Peer-Reviewed Publication

High impact of COVID-19 in long-term care facilities, suggestion for monitoring in the EU/EEA, May 2020

Jun 2020

Healthcare-associated infections

Disease / public health area

Clostridium difficile infections

The transmission of Clostridium difficile can be patient-to-patient, via contaminated hands of healthcare workers or by environmental contamination.

Disease / public health area

Healthcare-associated infections acquired in intensive care units

In 2014, 6 995 (8%) of patients staying in an intensive care unit (ICU) for more than two days presented with at least one ICU-acquired healthcare-associated infection.

Disease / public health area

Healthcare-associated infections in acute care hospitals

Healthcare-associated infections are infections acquired by patients during their stay in a hospital or another healthcare setting. Although some of these infections can be treated easily, others may more seriously affect a patient’s health, increasing their stay in the hospital and hospital costs, and causing considerable distress to these patients.

Disease / public health area

Healthcare-associated infections in long-term care facilities

In Europe, most long-term care facilities are for the elderly: nursing homes, residential homes and mixed facilities. ECDC monitors the burden of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use through repeated point prevalence surveys.

Disease / public health area

Surgical site infections

Surgical site infections are associated with longer post-operative hospital stays, additional surgical procedures, may require intensive care and often result in higher mortality.

Related diseases/public health areas

Disease / public health area

Antimicrobial resistance

Disease / public health area

Antimicrobial consumption

Disease networks

European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network (EARS-Net)

Healthcare-associated Infections Surveillance Network (HAI-Net)

European Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption Network (ESAC-Net)

European Antimicrobial Resistance Genes Surveillance Network (EURGen-Net)