Phlebotomine sandflies maps

The phlebotomine maps are published regularly to provide the ECDC stakeholders, the scientific community and the general public with updated information on phlebotomine  distribution at ‘regional’ administrative unit level (NUTS3 or equivalent and NUTS2 in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Germany, The Netherlands, England (UK), Scotland (UK) and Wales (UK)). Please note that the maps do not represent the official view or position of the countries.

Surveillance for sandflies

The surveillance maps shows the regions where surveillance activities for sandflies were held in Europe and neighbouring regions.

Distribution maps of sandflies

The map shows the current known distribution of Phlebotomus sandfly species in Europe at ‘regional’ administrative level (NUTS3). It is based on published historical data and confirmed data provided by experts from the respective countries as part of the VectorNet project.

Separate maps for the distribution of each of the following mosquito species are currently available:  Phlebotomus alexandriPhlebotomus ariasiPhlebotomus mascitiiPhlebotomus neglectusPhlebotomus papatasiPhlebotomus perfiliewiPhlebotomus perniciosusPhlebotomus sergentiPhlebotomus similis, and Phlebotomus tobbi.

For native species the possible distribution statuses are:

  • Present: The species has been observed to be present in at least one municipality within the administrative unit.
  • Introduced: The species has been introduced in the administrative unit without confirmed establishment.
  • Anticipated Absent: the species has never been reported and there is a high probability that it is absent.
  • Confirmed Absent: the species has never been reported within the administrative unit and there have been field surveys or studies on sand flies within the last 5 years of the distribution status date.
  • No Data: No sampling has been performed and no data on the species is available.
  • Unknown: The status is unknown

Areas outside the scope of the VectorNet geographical scope are colour-coded as ‘Outside scope’.

Vector distribution status changes in terms of spatial units since the previous update

Since the previous update (March 2021), distribution data from 27 articles relating to 18 sand fly species from 12 countries were reported. No significant  distribution extension of range has been reported but we report for the first time the presence of Phlebotomus balcanicus and P. mascitii in Kosovo, P. killicki in Greece and P. simici in Austria. In addition, a number of gaps are filled in countries where the species’ presence was already known, as follows:

Mapped species:

Phlebotomus alexandri - New presence recorded Palestine (1 area), Turkey (4 areas) and Kosovo (1 area). Please note that it is not reported in Albania as indicated in the map, this will be corrected in the next update 

Phlebotomus ariasi - New presence recorded in Spain (7 areas) and Morocco (1 area)  

Phlebotomus major s.l. - New presence recorded in Palestine (1 area) and Turkey (5 areas)

Phlebotomus mascittii - New presence recorded in Austria (3 areas), Germany (4 areas), Greece (1 area), Italy (2 areas), Turkey (2 areas) and Kosovo (1 area)

Phlebotomus neglectus - New presence recorded in Greece (2 areas), Italy (1 area), Palestine (1 area) and Kosovo (1 area)

Phlebotomus papatasi - New presence recorded in Albania (1 area), Greece (1 area), Spain (8 areas), Italy (1 area), Palestine (1 area) and Turkey (2 areas)

Phlebotomus perfiliewi - New presence recorded in Italy (1 area) and Turkey (4 areas)

Phlebotomus perniciosus - New presence recorded in Spain (3 areas)

Phlebotomus sergenti - New presence recorded in Spain (5 areas), Italy (1 area), Palestine (1 area) and Turkey (2 areas)

Phlebotomus similis - No new presences recorded in NUTS3/GAUL2 areas

Phlebotomus tobbi - New presence recorded in Greece (3 areas), Turkey (2 areas) and Kosovo (1 area)

Page last updated 25 Oct 2021