About the disease
Leishmaniasis is a tropical/sub-tropical disease, spread by the bite of infected sandflies. There are several different forms of leishmaniasis in people: cutaneous leishmaniasis causes skin sores, visceral leishmaniasis causes systemic disease. Without treatment, most patients with the visceral disease will die and those with diffuse cutaneous disease can suffer long infections associated with secondary life-threatening infections.Read factsheet
A number of sand fly species are present in Europe. They are vectors of human and canine leishmaniasis, and sand fly fevers.Read factsheet
Phlebotomine sandflies maps
Geographical distribution of Phlebotomus sandfly species in Europe: Phlebotomus ariasi, Phlebotomus neglectus, Phlebotomus papatasi, Phlebotomus perfiliewi, Phlebotomus perniciosus, Phlebotomus sergenti, Phlebotomus similis, and Phlebotomus tobbi.View maps
A summary of the evidence for the change in European distribution of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) of public health importance.