Leishmaniasis is a tropical/sub-tropical disease, spread by the bite of infected sandflies. There are several different forms of leishmaniasis in people: cutaneous leishmaniasis causes skin sores, visceral leishmaniasis causes systemic disease. Without treatment, most patients with the visceral disease will die and those with diffuse cutaneous disease can suffer long infections associated with secondary life-threatening infections.

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Phlebotomine sand flies - Factsheet for experts

Phlebotomine sandflies maps

Latest outputs


Communicable disease threats report, 3-9 March 2019, week 10

Publication -

Peer-Reviewed Publication

A summary of the evidence for the change in European distribution of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) of public health importance.

May 2014

Peer-Reviewed Publication

European monitoring systems and data for assessing environmental and climate impacts on human infectious diseases

Apr 2014

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Monitoring EU Emerging Infectious Disease Risk Due to Climate Change

Apr 2012


First surveys to investigate the presence of canine leishmaniasis and its Phlebotomine vectors in HungaryArchived

ECDC comment -

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Disease networks

Emerging Viral Diseases-Expert Laboratory Network (EVD-LabNet)

European network for medical and veterinary entomology (VectorNet)