Tick-borne encephalitis

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a human viral infectious disease involving the central nervous system, and occurring in many parts of Europe and Asia. The virus is transmitted by the bite of infected ticks, found in woodland habitats.

TBE is most often manifested as a two-phased illness. The first phase is associated with symptoms like fever, fatigue, headache, muscular ache and nausea. The second phase involves the neurological system with symptoms of meningitis (inflammation of the membrane that surrounds the brain and spinal cord) and/or encephalitis (inflammation of the brain).

Like other tick-borne infectious diseases, the risk from TBE can be reduced by using insect repellents and protective clothing to prevent tick bites. A vaccine is available in some disease endemic areas.

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Tick maps

Publication

Communication toolkit on tick-borne diseases and preventive measures

Communication toolkit -

Latest outputs

Publication

Tick-borne encephalitis - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2019

Surveillance report -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 6-12 September 2020, week 37

Publication -

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 31 May -6 June 2020, week 23

Publication -

Publication

Guidance on community engagement for public health events caused by communicable disease threats in the EU/EEA

Technical report -

Publication

Tick-borne encephalitis - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2018

Surveillance report -

Peer-Reviewed Publication

A review on the eco-epidemiology and clinical management of human granulocytic anaplasmosis and its agent in Europe

Dec 2019

Peer-Reviewed Publication

European monitoring systems and data for assessing environmental and climate impacts on human infectious diseases

Apr 2014

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Monitoring EU Emerging Infectious Disease Risk Due to Climate Change

Apr 2012

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Reliable surveillance of tick-borne encephalitis in European countries is necessary to improve the quality of vaccine recommendations

Feb 2011

Related diseases

2009 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic

Disease / public health area

Alkhurma haemorrhagic fever

Disease / public health area

Babesiosis

Disease / public health area

Borreliosis

Disease networks

Emerging Viral Diseases-Expert Laboratory Network (EVD-LabNet)

European network for medical and veterinary entomology (VectorNet)