Sandfly-borne diseases

Phlebotomus papatasi sandfly. Credit: CDC/ Frank Collins

A number of sand fly species present in Europe are vectors of human and canine leishmaniasis, and sand fly fevers.

Sandfly-borne diseases


Leishmaniasis is a tropical/sub-tropical disease, spread by the bite of infected sandflies. There are different forms of leishmaniasis in people: cutaneous leishmaniasis causes skin sores, visceral leishmaniasis causes systemic disease.

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