Tick-borne relapsing fever

Tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF) is a disease caused by several species of spiral-shaped bacteria (spirochaetes) that are transmitted to humans through the bite of infected soft ticks. At least six TBRF species are known to occur in Europe or close to its boundaries. The greatest endemic risk in Europe lies in the Iberian peninsula, particularly in the Mediterranean part.

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Related diseases

Disease / public health area

Tick-borne encephalitis

Disease / public health area


Disease / public health area

Human granulocytic anaplasmosis

Disease networks

Emerging Viral Diseases-Expert Laboratory Network (EVD-LabNet)

European network for medical and veterinary entomology (VectorNet)