Communicable disease threats report, 27 May - 2 June 2012, week 22
The ECDC communicable disease threats report is a weekly bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control. Summarising information gathered by ECDC through its epidemic intelligence activities regarding communicable disease threats of concern to the European Union, it also provides updates on the global situation and changes in the epidemiology of communicable diseases with potential to affect Europe, including diseases that are the focus of eradication efforts.
A rabies case in the United Kingdom, a travel-associated cluster of Legionellosis and the European measles outbreaks are in focus this week.
On 23 May 2012, the Health Protection Agency in the United Kingdom reported a confirmed case of rabies in a patient from London who had been bitten by a dog in India. On 28 May, a statement from the University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust reported the death of this person. ECDC highlights the importance of seeking immediate medical attention should travellers visiting endemic areas for rabies suspect exposure to rabid animals.
Between November 2011 and May 2012, 25 cases of Legionnaires’ disease, including six deaths, have been reported in relation with a hotel in Calpe, Spain. Twenty-two of the cases are travel-associated and three cases are among hotel staff. Control measures have been implemented and tour operators have been informed and asked to inform all tourists that stayed at the hotel from mid April until May about the need to consult a physician should symptoms appear.
So far in 2012, the number of measles outbreaks and reported cases in the Member States are much lower than during 2011 and 2010. In neighbouring Ukraine, an ongoing large outbreak is of concern, with more than 9 800 cases reported in 2012.
In June 2012, Ukraine and Poland are hosting the UEFA European Championship and hundreds of thousands of visitors from several European countries are expected. ECDC has assessed the risk for visitors to the Ukraine of becoming infected and subsequently importing and spreading measles within the EU on their return on a rapid risk assessment.
The weekly Communicable Disease Threats Report provides a bulletin intended for epidemiologists and health professionals in the area of communicable disease prevention and control.
Influenza virus characterisation, December 2020
18 Jan 2021 - This is the third report for the 2020–2021 influenza season. As of week 53/2020, only 415 influenza detections across the WHO European Region had been reported; 50% type A viruses, with A(H3N2) prevailing over A(H1N1)pdm09, and 50% type B viruses with only four having been ascribed to a lineage, three B/Victoria and one B/Yamagata. This represents a 98% drop in detections compared to the same period in 2019, probably due to the COVID-19 pandemic and measures introduced to combat it.
Avian influenza overview August – December 2020
11 Dec 2020 - Between 15 August and 7 December 2020, 561 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus detections were reported in 15 EU/EEA countries and UK in wild birds, poultry and captive birds, with Germany (n=370), Denmark (n=65), the Netherlands (n=57) being the most affected countries.
Influenza virus characterisation - Summary Europe, November 2020
8 Dec 2020 - This is the second report for the 2020–2021 influenza season. As of week 48/2020, only 288 influenza detections across the WHO European Region had been reported to TESSy; 52% type A viruses, with A(H3N2) prevailing over A(H1N1)pdm09, and 48% type B viruses with only two having been ascribed to a lineage, both being B/Victoria. This represents a 96% drop in detections compared to the same period in 2019, probably due to the COVID-19 pandemic and measures introduced to combat it.