European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
An agency of the European Union
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Smallpox. In: ECDC. Annual epidemiological report for
2019. Stockholm: ECDC; 2021.
Smallpox was declared eradicated in 1980. There were no reports of possible, probable or confirmed smallpox cases in the EU/EEA for 2019.
Smallpox was a systemic disease, officially eradicated since 1979 (WHO), caused by infection with the Variola major virus, whose only reservoir was infected humans.
The Annual Epidemiological Reports (AERs) are key ECDC publication on the epidemiology of communicable diseases of public health significance in Europe.