Rapid risk assessment: Multiple reports of locally-acquired malaria infections in the EU
Five events of local malaria transmission have been reported recently in the EU. Three of these events were associated with either mosquito-borne transmission from an imported case (introduced malaria) or an imported infected mosquito (airport malaria), in Greece and northern Cyprus ( P. vivax ), and in France ( P. falciparum ); and two of the cases were most likely associated with nosocomial mosquito-borne or iatrogenic transmission of P. falciparum, in Italy and Greece.
Erratum 25 September 2017: page 3 - indigenous malaria was corrected to malaria infection, page 6 – the following sentence was changed to, ‘locally-acquired cases showed evidence of the presence of Anopheles maculipennis s.l . (under investigation for species identification) and Anopheles claviger s.s. but did not detect the presence of Anopheles plumbeus.’
Related updates on malaria
Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites. During the 20th century, malaria was eradicated from many temperate areas, including the whole of the EU, and is now limited to tropical countries. Due to the large number of imported cases in Europe, malaria is mainly a travel medicine issue.Read more