Risk assessment: Autochthonous Plasmodium vivax malaria in Greece
Greece reports six cases of Plasmodium vivax infection in Evrotas, Lakonia, Peloponnese region, and Chalkida in Evoia since June 2011. The main risk related to the current event is to persons living in, visiting and working in the particular area of Evrotas in the district of Lakonia (and potentially Chalkida in Evoia, though more information is needed) in Greece. The local transmission of P. vivax malaria to humans is believed to have occurred here over the last three years and is likely to continue producing annual clusters of human cases. However, the risk for further extension of malaria transmission into the EU related to this event is considered low at present.
Plasmodium vivax is one of the main five Plasmodium species that cause human malaria; it is transmitted through the bite of female Anopheles mosquitoes
Rapid risk assessment - Sexual transmission of dengue in Spain
18 Nov 2019 - Spanish authorities have reported the likely sexual transmission of dengue between two men. One of the men travelled to Cuba and the Dominican Republic (both countries where dengue is endemic) and returned to Spain on 4 September 2019.
Outbreak of carbapenemase-producing (NDM-1 and OXA-48) and colistin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae ST307, north-east Germany, 2019
28 Oct 2019 - Germany has reported an outbreak of carbapenemase-producing (NDM-1 and OXA-48) and colistin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae sequence type (ST) 307. As of 21 October 2019, 17 patients in three hospitals and one rehabilitation clinic in Mecklenburg-West Pomerania in north-east Germany have been affected. Six of the 17 cases presented with clinical symptoms of infection, while 11 were identified as be carriers.
Rapid risk assessment: Zika virus disease in Var department, France
16 Oct 2019 - On 1 October 2019, a case of locally acquired Zika virus (ZIKV) disease in France (Hyères city, Var department) was laboratory confirmed. To date, and based on ECDC’s epidemiological assessment, the probability of ongoing vector-borne local transmission in Hyères (and surrounding areas) is considered very low because current evidence does not indicate the existence of a more extensive cluster of ZIKV cases.