Hepatitis C - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2019
In 2019, 37 733 cases of hepatitis C were reported in 29 EU/EEA Member States. Excluding countries that only reported acute cases leaves 37 660 cases, which corresponds to a crude rate of 8.9 cases per 100 000 population. Of the cases reported, 6% were classified as acute, 22% as chronic and 69% as ‘unknown’. Hepatitis C was more commonly reported among men than women, with a male-to-female ratio of 2.1:1. The most affected age group among both males and females was between 25–34 years. Mode of transmission was reported for just 21% of cases. The most commonly reported mode was injecting drug use, which accounted for 45% of cases with complete information on transmission status. The interpretation of hepatitis C notification data across countries remains problematic, with ongoing differences in surveillance systems and difficulties in defining reported cases as acute or chronic. With hepatitis C, a largely asymptomatic disease until the late stages, surveillance based on notification data is challenging, with data reflecting testing practices rather than true occurrence of disease.
See all Annual Epidemiological Reports for 2019
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) infection - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2019
Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV). HCV can cause both acute and chronic hepatitis infection, ranging in severity from a mild illness that lasts only a few weeks to a serious, lifelong illness resulting in cirrhosis and liver cancer.Read more
Annual Epidemiological Reports (AERs)
The Annual Epidemiological Reports (AERs) are key ECDC publication on the epidemiology of communicable diseases of public health significance in Europe. These reports give overviews of the epidemiology of communicable diseases of public health significance in Europe, drawn from surveillance information on the 52 communicable diseases and health issues for which surveillance is mandatory in the European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) countries.Read more