World Hand Hygiene Day 2019
Each year on 5 May, the “SAVE LIVES: Clean Your Hands” campaign takes place as part of a major global effort led by the World Health Organization (WHO) to improve hand hygiene in healthcare settings.
Healthcare-associated infections, including those caused by bacteria resistant to antibiotics, are a growing public health problem in Europe. In fact, 75% of the health burden of infections with bacteria resistant to antibiotics in Europe is due to healthcare-associated infections. However, a large percentage of these are preventable by improving hand hygiene practices as hand hygiene is the ‘single most important measure’ to prevent transmission of bacteria in hospitals and other healthcare settings, according to the World Health Organization.
SAVE LIVES: Clean Your Hands
With the slogan “Clean care for all – it's in your hands”, the WHO calls on everyone to be inspired by the global movement to achieve universal health coverage. Infection prevention and control, including hand hygiene, is critical to achieve universal health coverage as it is a simple, practical and evidence-based approach with demonstrated impact on quality of care and patient safety across all levels of the health system. ECDC supports this campaign and highlights the importance of infection prevention and control measures as one of the main strategies to tackle the growing threat posed by antibiotic resistance.
Last year, ECDC published the results of two point prevalence surveys of healthcare-associated infections and antibiotic use in hospitals and in long-term care facilities in the EU/EEA. The findings show that 8.9 million Healthcare-associated infections occur each year in both hospitals and long-term care facilities. Prevalence of antibiotic use as well as infection prevention and control practices vary greatly between countries throughout Europe and there is still room for improvement in many countries. Overuse use of antibiotics and varying infection prevention and control practices result in increased emergence and spread of multidrug-resistant bacteria.
Antimicrobial use in European acute care hospitals: results from the second point prevalence survey (PPS) of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use, 2016 to 2017
Antimicrobial use in European long-term care facilities: results from the third point prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use, 2016 to 2017
Video: 7 things you don’t want to share – keep your hands clean!
Hand hygiene in healthcare has saved millions of lives in the last years worldwide. Nevertheless, many people forget to clean their hands and keep spreading bacteria. There are things you just don’t want to share, like the pin code for your credit card, your location when you’re away from home, your toothbrush or used medical gloves. Why share diseases when you can easily keep your hands clean?
Antimicrobial resistance. Tackling the burden in the European Union. OECD and ECDC, 2019
The OECD, in collaboration with ECDC, has produced a briefing note on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the European Union and the European Economic Area. It presents key estimates of the health and economic impact of AMR and effective strategies to address this major public health threat.
Directory of online resources for the prevention and control of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and healthcare-associated infections (HAI)
The directory lists strategies, guidance documents, training courses and research projects on the prevention and control of antimicrobial resistance and healthcare-associated infections available online.
Training courses on infection prevention and control (IPC)
Catalogue of courses on infection control and hand hygiene
Management and control of communicable diseases in schools and other child care settings: Systematic review on the incubation period and period of infectiousness
The role and utilisation of public health evaluations in Europe: A case study of national hand hygiene campaigns
Prevention of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection: Is Europe winning the fight?
Approximately 4 100 000 patients are estimated to acquire a healthcare-associated infection in the EU each year. The number of deaths occurring as a direct consequence of these infections is estimated to be at least 37 000 and these infections are thought to contribute to an additional 110 000 deaths each year.Read more
Antimicrobial resistance is the ability of a microorganism (e.g., a bacterium, a virus) to resist the action of an antimicrobial agent. The major cause of antimicrobial resistance remains the use of antimicrobials in human medicine.Read more