Threats and outbreaks of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

Since the disease was first identified in Saudi Arabia in April 2012, more than 2 500 cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) have been detected in 27 countries. In Europe, eight countries have reported confirmed cases, all with direct or indirect connections to the Middle East. The majority of MERS-CoV cases continue to be reported from the Middle East. The source of the virus remains unknown, but the pattern of transmission and virological studies point towards dromedary camels in the Middle East as a reservoir from which humans sporadically become infected through zoonotic transmission. Human-to-human transmission is amplified among household contacts and in healthcare settings.

Latest updates

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Communicable disease threats report, 27 June-3 July 2021, week 26

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Communicable disease threats report, 30 May - 5 June 2021, week 22

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Communicable disease threats report, 2-8 May 2021, week 18

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Communicable disease threats report, 4-10 April 2021, week 14

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Communicable disease threats report, 28 February-6 March 2021, week 9

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Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), 1 September 2015

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Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), 18 August 2015

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Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), 21 July 2015

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Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

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Epidemiological update: Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)

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Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the hajj 2019, Saudi Arabia, 9–14 August 2019

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Rapid risk assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), 22nd update

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Rapid Risk Assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the Hajj 2017, Saudi Arabia, 30 August – 4 September 2017

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Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus - 21st update, 21 October 2015

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​Rapid Risk Assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). 20th update, 27 August 2015

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