MERS-CoV worldwide overview

Situation update, 10 November 2022

Since the disease was first identified in Saudi Arabia in April 2012, over 2 600 cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) have been detected in 27 countries. In Europe, eight countries have reported confirmed cases, all with direct or indirect connections to the Middle East. The majority of MERS-CoV cases continue to be reported from the Middle East. The source of the virus remains unknown, but the pattern of transmission and virological studies point to dromedary camels in the Middle East as a reservoir from which humans sporadically become infected through zoonotic transmission. Secondary human-to-human transmission has occurred, particularly within households and in healthcare settings.

Since the beginning of 2022, and as of 10 November 2022, three MERS-CoV cases have been reported in Qatar (2) and Oman (1), including one death. All three cases were primary cases, having reported contact with camels. The most recent cases reported in Qatar prior to these were in February 2020 and February 2019.

Distribution of confirmed MERS-CoV cases