MERS-CoV worldwide overview

Situation update, 4 October 2021

Since the disease was first identified in Saudi Arabia in April 2012, more than 2 580 cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) have been detected in 27 countries. In Europe, eight countries have reported confirmed cases, all with direct or indirect connections to the Middle East. The majority of MERS-CoV cases continue to be reported from the Middle East. The source of the virus remains unknown, but the pattern of transmission and virological studies point toward dromedary camels in the Middle East as a reservoir from which humans sporadically become infected through zoonotic transmission. Human-to-human transmission is amplified among household contacts and in healthcare settings.

From 1 January 2021 to 3 November 2021, 14 MERS-CoV cases have been reported in Saudi Arabia (13) and the United Arab Emirates (1), including six deaths. In Saudi Arabia, all were primary cases, of whom 10 reported contact with camels. These 13 cases were reported in Riyadh (8), Makkah (3), and the Eastern Province (2).

Distribution of confirmed MERS-CoV cases

Data

Geographical distribution of confirmed MERS-CoV cases by country of infection and year

Map -
Period: 01 Jan 2021 - 03 Nov 2021

From 1 January 2021 to 3 November 2021, 14 MERS-CoV cases have been reported in Saudi Arabia (13) and the United Arab Emirates (1), including six deaths. In Saudi Arabia, all were primary cases, of whom 10 reported contact with camels. These 13 cases were reported in Riyadh (8), Makkah (3), and the Eastern Province (2).