Factsheet on COVID-19
COVID-19 is a disease under surveillance in the EU and must be reported by all Member States.
Well-designed, representative sentinel surveillance systems in primary and secondary care remain the core surveillance method for acute viral respiratory infections.
COVID-19 disease is caused by a virus of the coronavirus family, SARS-CoV-2, in the order of nidovirales.
Clinical features and sequelae
Symptoms may vary, both in frequency and severity, depending on the SARS-CoV-2 variant causing the disease episode.
On 30 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared this outbreak of novel coronavirus a ‘public health emergency of international concern’.
A person can become infected through the inhalation of respiratory droplets from an infected individual or through direct contact with infected droplets through the eyes, mouth, or nose.
Case management and treatment
Most SARS-CoV-2 infections do not require hospitalisation or medical treatment and can be managed at home or in outpatient settings.
Public health control measures
Public health authorities can take several measures to mitigate the negative effects of COVID-19 at individual and community or population level.