Cholera

Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal infection caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholera of serogroups O1 or O139. Humans are the only relevant reservoir, even though Vibrios can survive for a long time in coastal waters contaminated by human excreta.

Consumption of contaminated water and food, especially seafood eaten under-cooked, results in infection. After a short incubation period of less than five days, the typical symptoms might develop, characterised by vomiting and watery diarrhoea. In most cases, though, symptoms are mild or absent and infected individuals become carriers with no symptoms.

With timely treatment (fluid replacement and antibiotics), less than 1% of patients with symptoms die. The disease has not been endemic in Europe for a long time, and thanks to high hygiene standards the potential for imported cases to generate further ones is low.

Latest outputs

Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 22-28 November 2020, week 48

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Publication

Communicable disease threats report, 25-31 October 2020, week 44

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Communicable disease threats report, 27 September - 3 October 2020, week 40

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Communicable disease threats report, 23-29 August 2020, week 35

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Communicable disease threats report, 19-25 July 2020, week 30

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Peer-Reviewed Publication

European monitoring systems and data for assessing environmental and climate impacts on human infectious diseases

Apr 2014

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Cholera in Coastal Africa: A systematic review of its heterogeneous environmental determinants

Nov 2013

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Environmental determinants of cholera outbreaks in inland Africa: A systematic review of main transmission foci and propagation routes

Nov 2013

Peer-Reviewed Publication

Preventing and controlling disease outbreaks in a complex emergency situation: discussion of the tsunami aftermath.

Mar 2005

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Cryptosporidiosis

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Echinococcosis

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Escherichia coli (E.coli)

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Giardiasis

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Hepatitis A

Disease networks

European Food- and Waterborne Diseases and Zoonoses Network (FWD-Net)