Factsheet about measles
Measles is an acute illness caused by morbillivirus. The disease is transmitted via airborne respiratory droplets, or by direct contact with nasal and throat secretions of infected individuals.
Disease factsheet about rubella
Rubella is a mild febrile rash illness caused by rubella virus. It is transmitted from person to person via droplets (the virus is present in throat secretions). It affects mainly, but not only, children and when pregnant women are infected, it may result in malformation of the foetus. Humans are the only reservoir of infection.
Flu transmits easily from person to person. It does this through the air or from contaminated hands or surfaces. The risk of getting or causing infection is easily reduced by taking some simple preventive steps. Immunisation in particular decreases the risk of a person being infected. Proper use of flu vaccines is the most effective form of protection.
Tuberculosis in the Netherlands
Report of the joint ECDC and WHO review of the tuberculosis prevention and care system in the Netherlands, 24–28 June 2019.
Factsheet about seasonal influenza
Influenza is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and sometimes the lungs. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. The best way to prevent flu is by getting a flu vaccine each year.
Expert opinion on priority risk groups for influenza vaccination
This paper identifies and describes population groups at increased risk for severe outcomes of influenza (“risk groups”) and advocates vaccination for two major groups, namely a) persons in the older age group, usually 65 years and older; and b) persons with chronic medical conditions.
Report of the joint ECDC and WHO review of the national tuberculosis programme in Bulgaria
This report outlines the results of the joint ECDC and WHO review of the Bulgarian National Tuberculosis Control Programme.
Programmatic management of latent tuberculosis infection in the European Union
Programmatic management of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is a key component of the global tuberculosis (TB) elimination strategy. This document provides evidence-based guidance for the implementation of programmatic management of LTBI in the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA).