Updated ECDC risk assessment on the spread of New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM) and its variants within Europe
Data currently available from scientific publications and enhanced surveillance in some EU Member States indicate that there is an increase in the spread of all carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) in Europe, including New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM).
One of the major barriers to our understanding of the magnitude of risk that these highly antibiotic-resistant bacteria represent for Europe is that EU Member States lack systematic surveillance systems and policies to detect NDM infection. Public health preparedness should be enhanced by developing the necessary infrastructure to prevent further spread of all CPE in EU Member States, for example by introducing EU-wide surveillance to improve the monitoring of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
This report represents a review of medical publications on New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase and its variants within Europe and a summary of the results of a survey sent to the ECDC National Antimicrobial Resistance Focal Points in all EU Member States, Iceland and Norway. The purpose of this survey was to register all cases of NDM colonisation or infection by country and to collect data on patient characteristics and epidemiological histories.
SARS-CoV-2 in animals: susceptibility of animal species, risk for animal and public health, monitoring, prevention and control
28 Feb 2023 - The epidemiological situation of SARS-CoV-2 in humans and animals is continually evolving. To date, animal species known to transmit SARS-CoV-2 are American mink, raccoon dog, cat, ferret, hamster, house mouse, Egyptian fruit bat, deer mouse and white-tailed deer. Among farmed animals, American mink have the highest likelihood to become infected from humans or animals and further transmit SARS-CoV-2.
Outbreak of Shigella sonnei in the EU/EEA, the United Kingdom, and the United States among travellers returning from Cabo Verde
17 Feb 2023 - An increased reporting of shigellosis cases, mainly caused by Shigella sonnei, among travellers returning from Cabo Verde has been ongoing in the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA), the United Kingdom (UK), and the United States (US) since September 2022. This outbreak evolved rapidly during November and December 2022.
Threat Assessment Brief: Implications for the EU/EEA of the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron XBB.1.5 sub-lineage
13 Jan 2023 - According to the current ECDC assessment, there is moderate probability of XBB.1.5 becoming dominant in the EU/EEA and causing a substantial increase in the number of COVID-19 cases within the next one to two months.