Typhoid and paratyphoid fever - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2018

Surveillance report
Publication series: Annual Epidemiological Report
Time period covered: This report is based on data for 2018 retrieved from The European Surveillance System (TESSy) on 17 September 2019.

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Typhoid and Paratyphoid fever. In: ECDC. Annual
Epidemiological Report for 2018. Stockholm: ECDC; 2023.

Typhoid and paratyphoid fevers are relatively rare in the EU/EEA, and are mainly acquired during travel to countries outside the EU/EEA, particularly South Asia.

In 2018, 30 EU/EEA countries reported a total of 1 118 cases of typhoid and paratyphoid fever. The EU/EEA notification rate was 0.29 confirmed cases of typhoid and paratyphoid fever per 100 000population. The highest notification rates were reported in France, the United Kingdom (UK) and Norway.

Of the 833 cases with available information, 90.8% were travel related. Cases in the EU/EEA showed clear seasonal trends, with a pronounced peak in September and a smaller peak in late spring.