Tick-borne encephalitis - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2018

Surveillance report
Publication series: Annual Epidemiological Report on Communicable Diseases in Europe
Time period covered: 1 January 2018 - 31 December 2018
Cite:

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Tick-borne encephalitis. In: ECDC. Annual epidemiological report for 2018. Stockholm: ECDC; 2019.

In 2018, 3 212 cases of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) were reported in EU/EEA countries, 3 092 (96.3%) of which were confirmed. The notification rate in 2018 was 0.6 cases per 100 000 population and it has remained at this level for three years, without showing any significant change in trend over the past five years. TBE is predominant in males (ratio 1.5 M:1 F) and among those aged 45–64 years. TBE presents a seasonal pattern. In 2018, 95% of confirmed cases occurred during the period May– November, while 59% occurred during the period June–August.