JIACRA III - Antimicrobial consumption and resistance in bacteria from humans and animals
Third joint inter-agency report on integrated analysis of antimicrobial agent consumption and occurrence of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria from humans and food-producing animals in the EU/EEA, JIACRA III
This report was produced as a collaboration between the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the European Medicines Agency (EMA). It is the third joint inter-agency report on integrated analysis of antimicrobial agent consumption and occurrence of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria from humans and food-producing animals (JIACRA), prepared by the three agencies at the request of the European Commission (EC). Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) constitutes a significant public health problem in Europe as well as in other parts of the world, representing a serious social and economic burden and a threat to animal health and production. The main driver behind AMR is antimicrobial consumption (AMC), in both humans and food-producing animals. Recognising that human and animal health are interconnected, this report is based on a ‘One-Health’ approach.
Aim and scope of the report
This report provides an integrated analysis of possible relationships between AMC in humans and food-producing animals and the occurrence of AMR in bacteria from humans and food-producing animals.
The major cause of antimicrobial resistance in microorganisms from humans remains the use of antimicrobials in human medicine, in the community and in hospitals and other healthcare settings.Read more
Antimicrobial resistance is the ability of a microorganism (e.g., a bacterium, a virus) to resist the action of an antimicrobial agent. The major cause of antimicrobial resistance remains the use of antimicrobials in human medicine.Read more
European Antibiotic Awareness Day Campaign Website
European Antibiotic Awareness Day (EAAD) is a European health initiative coordinated by ECDC, which provides a platform and support for national campaigns on the prudent use of antibiotics. Each year, EAAD is marked on 18 November. Visit the campaign website of EAAD.Read more