Retrospective surveillance and enhanced case-finding of congenital rubella syndrome cases
The generic protocol presented in this document was developed for ECDC by fellows of the EPIET programme to provide EU/EEA Member States with an adaptable tool to estimate the incidence of congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) cases in their countries. This study protocol describes a process that any EU/EEA country can use to retrospectively identify probable CRS cases in infants in the three years preceding the study’s implementation and to evaluate the completeness of their current CRS surveillance system.
Related updates on congenital rubella
Rubella notification rate per million population by country, EU/EEA, 1 December 2018–30 November 2019
Number of rubella cases by month and notification rate per million population by country, EU/EEA, 1 December 2018–30 November 2019
Congenital rubella syndrome (CRS)
Congenital rubella is the infection of a foetus with rubella virus following the infection of the mother during pregnancy. ‘Congenital’ indicates that the foetus also becomes infected during pregnancy.Read more
Rubella is a mild febrile rash illness caused by rubella virus. It is transmitted from person to person via droplets (the virus is present in throat secretions). It affects mainly, but not only, children and when pregnant women are infected, it may result in malformation of the foetus. Humans are the only reservoir of infection.Read more