Rapid Risk Assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with a novel coronavirus
This is an update of the rapid risk assessment of severe respiratory disease associated with a novel coronavirus, in relation to three more laboratory confirmed infections reported from the UK in the past 10 days.
As of 16 February 2013, twelve laboratory confirmed cases of pneumonia caused by the novel coronavirus (novel CoV) have been reported to the World Health Organization (WHO). Six of the cases have been fatal and two others remain very ill.
ECDC has published an update of its risk assessment on the novel coronavirus, providing a number of conclusions and recommendations as well as background information:
- Of the total of these 12 cases, three recently confirmed cases have been diagnosed in the UK. The second and third cases were infected through human-to-human transmission although the exact route of transmission is still under investigation by the UK authorities. No sustained transmission or expanding clusters of infection have been identified in any country.
- Close follow-up of approximately 200 health care workers, family and other contacts of cases in Europe and the Middle-East have not yet found other demonstrated instances of human-to-human transmission.
- The most recent UK case, a relative of the other two UK cases, had only a mild disease and has recovered quickly. The Health Protection Agency (HPA) is undertaking intensive follow-up of close contacts of these three recent cases.
- ECDC supports recommendations of laboratory investigation for novel-CoV of patients with severe acute respiratory infection returning from the Arabian Peninsula and neighbouring countries as defined in the current WHO guidance.
- Health professionals engaged in receiving medical evacuated patients from the Arabian Peninsula and neighbouring countries with any infectious respiratory condition should be particularly vigilant concerning the possibility of infection with novel-CoV.
- Healthcare workers caring for patients under investigation for novel-CoV should exercise infection control measures following national or international guidance.
Pneumonia cases possibly associated with a novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China
9 Jan 2020 - Between 31 December and 5 January, 59 pneumonia cases possibly associated with a novel coronavirus have been reported in Wuhan, China with a common exposure link to Wuhan’s South China Seafood City market.
Rapid risk assessment: Outbreak of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales in Lithuania, 2019
18 Dec 2019 - Between 1st February and 26th November 2019, 199 cases of Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (KPC-CRE) have been detected in Lithuania.
Rapid risk assessment: Cases of Lassa fever in the Netherlands ex Sierra Leone
29 Nov 2019 - On 20 and 24 November 2019, respectively, the Dutch public health authorities confirmed two imported cases of Lassa fever from Sierra Leone. Both were Dutch healthcare workers who worked in a rural hospital in Sierra Leone.