Public health management of persons having had contact with Ebola virus disease cases in the EU - update
This document aims to provide guidance to EU/EEA public health authorities for the management of those having had contact with EVD cases. It is an update of the original document from 22 October. Implementation may be modified in accordance with the public health assessment carried out by the public health officer interviewing the contacts. This document was presented to the Health Security Committee and discussed at a teleconference on 7 November 2014. The Health Security Committee noted the contents of the document.
The unprecedented magnitude and geographical extent of the Ebola Viral Disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa has overwhelmed the local response capacity, posing an extreme challenge for outbreak containment.
As long as the outbreak in West Africa continues, it can be expected that a person who has travelled from an Ebola-affected area might develop EVD after arriving in a non-affected country, for example in the EU. On 30 September 2014, CDC confirmed the first case1 of Ebola diagnosed in the United States in a person who had travelled from Liberia.
Certain cases from the affected areas are currently being medically evacuated to Europe and the USA. Furthermore, as of 7 November 2014, three healthcare workers have been infected outside the affected countries after caring for EVD cases: one in Spain and two in the USA.
Decreasing the risk of Ebola virus transmission is dependent on early detection and isolation of cases, and the early detection and isolation of new EVD cases among their contacts, through contact tracing and monitoring. There is a risk of transmission in the period between the onset of the first symptoms, the recognition of the possibility of EVD by healthcare professionals and the subsequent isolation of the patient.
Algorithm for Ebola virus disease contact management
The algorithm describes the possible actions for public health authorities for monitoring of contacts of Ebola virus disease case and the actions to take in the event of a contact developing symptoms.
Public health management of healthcare workers returning from Ebola-affected areas
10 Nov 2014 - This document outlines current monitoring processes for returning healthcare workers and provides different options for reducing the risk of transmission of Ebola virus disease from infected healthcare workers returning to the EU/EEA.