Plague - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2016
For 2016, no cases of plague were reported in EU/EEA countries. Autochthonous plague has not occurred in Europe for several decades.
Plague, caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, is enzootic in wild rodents across Central and East Asia, Africa, and North America and remains endemic in many natural foci around the world. Recent outbreaks have shown that plague may reoccur in areas that have long remained unaffected. While urban plague has been controlled in most of the world, the disease remains a public health problem in rural areas for many countries.