Malaria - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2018

Surveillance report
Publication series: Annual Epidemiological Report
Time period covered: This report is based on data for 2018 retrieved from The European Surveillance System (TESSy) on 10 September 2019.

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Malaria. In: ECDC. Annual epidemiological report for 2018. Stockholm: ECDC; 2020.

ECDC’s annual surveillance reports provide a wealth of epidemiological data to support decision-making at the national level. They are mainly intended for public health professionals and policymakers involved in disease prevention and control programmes.

Executive summary

  • For 2018, 8 349 malaria cases were reported in the EU/EEA, 8 347 (> 99%) of which were confirmed.
  • Among 7 338 cases with known importation status, 99.8% were travel related. Fourteen confirmedcases were reported as acquired in the EU (ten by Greece, two by Spain, and one each by France andItaly).
  • A marked seasonal trend was observed across all countries, with cases increasing during andimmediately after the summer holiday months (July–September).
  • As in previous years, the overall rate of confirmed malaria cases was higher among men than women(1.6 cases and 0.7 cases per 100 000 population, respectively; male-to-female ratio 1.9:1).