Malaria - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2018
ECDC’s annual surveillance reports provide a wealth of epidemiological data to support decision-making at the national level. They are mainly intended for public health professionals and policymakers involved in disease prevention and control programmes.
- For 2018, 8 349 malaria cases were reported in the EU/EEA, 8 347 (> 99%) of which were confirmed.
- Among 7 338 cases with known importation status, 99.8% were travel related. Fourteen confirmedcases were reported as acquired in the EU (ten by Greece, two by Spain, and one each by France andItaly).
- A marked seasonal trend was observed across all countries, with cases increasing during andimmediately after the summer holiday months (July–September).
- As in previous years, the overall rate of confirmed malaria cases was higher among men than women(1.6 cases and 0.7 cases per 100 000 population, respectively; male-to-female ratio 1.9:1).
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All annual Epidemiological Reports (AERs)
The Annual Epidemiological Reports (AERs) are key ECDC publication on the epidemiology of communicable diseases of public health significance in Europe.Read more
Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites. During the 20th century, malaria was eradicated from many temperate areas, including the whole of the EU, and is now limited to tropical countries. Due to the large number of imported cases in Europe, malaria is mainly a travel medicine issue.Read more