A literature review on effective risk communication for the prevention and control of communicable diseases in Europe
This review brings together the current body of literature on risk communication (focused on communicable diseases) in a concise reference document which can be used to inform the development of evidence-based risk communication strategies and approaches. The review demonstrates that there is an impressive body of literature on risk communication relevant to the prevention and control of communicable diseases. This literature is complicated, however, by blurred definitions and overlap between risk communication and crisis communication. It is also widely dispersed across academic disciplines, lacking rigorous empirical evidence to demonstrate effectiveness, challenged by the complex and unpredictable ways that individuals perceive risk and the environmental, social, cultural and linguistic factors through which risk communication is viewed.
Risk communication is seen as one of the essential ways of limiting morbidity and mortality, as well as the damage to national economies and public health infrastructure caused by communicable diseases.
This review highlights the particular challenges faced by a multi-cultural and multi-lingual Europe when designing effective risk communication strategies. National and international collaboration is identified as being vital to deal with these challenges as well as further development of cross-sectoral risk preparedness strategies. Although there are many resources available to risk communicators today, limitations have been exposed once they have been tested. Gaps which the report identified include risk communication messages often failing to reach the intended targets and a lack of resources to meet the new and changing needs of more web-based societies.
ECDC Evidence Brief: Pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV prevention in Europe and Central Asia
28 Nov 2019 - This evidence brief summarises key issues and priorities for action in Europe and Central Asia on PrEP. It is largely based on data collected in 2018 and 2019 by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) to monitor implementation of the 2004 Dublin Declaration. The monitoring questionnaire was disseminated to the 53 countries that are part of the WHO European Region, plus Kosovo and Liechtenstein via an online survey.
HIV testing, Monitoring implementation of the Dublin Declaration on partnership to fight HIV/AIDS in Europe and Central Asia: 2018 progress report
27 Nov 2019 - This report presents the situation of HIV testing in Europe and Central Asia. It summarises data on implementation of national guidelines that shape HIV testing policies, the provision and uptake of HIV testing services in general and among key populations, and efforts being made to widen engagement with HIV testing and reduce late diagnosis.
External quality assessment of laboratory performance – European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network (EARS-Net), 2018
22 Nov 2019 - This report provides an analysis of the external quality assessment (EQA) performance with antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) of laboratories participating in the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network in 2018. A total of 860 laboratories (1 – 114 per country) from 30 EU/EEA countries participated in the EQA exercise. Six bacterial strains were used: Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecium and Streptococcus pneumoniae.