Integrated COVID-19 response in the vaccination era

Surveillance and monitoring

Suggested citation: Integrated COVID-19 response in the vaccination era. 1 February 2021. Stockholm: ECDC; 2021.

The purpose of this document is to provide an initial illustration of how the COVID-19 response could unfold in the vaccination era, given the emergence and replacement of the predominant strain with a novel, more transmissible variant.

Executive summary

  • Due to the emergence of more transmissible variants of SARS-CoV-2, it will be necessary to strengthen and maintain response measures in the coming months to avoid further rises in mortality, even in the context of a rapid, prioritised vaccination programme.
  • Delays in vaccine procurement, distribution and administration would mean that non-pharmaceutical measures must be held in place for longer.
  • In time, targeted and robust vaccination programmes will enable the lightening of non-pharmaceutical interventions.