ECDC risk assessment: 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic (Update 20 May 2009)
A new influenza A(H1N1) virus was first identified by US CDC on 17 April 2009 in samples from two Californian children. It was reported in MMWR on 21 April . The basic genetic structure of the virus which was first described in Eurosurveillance on 30 April , demonstrated that the virus had many genetic elements from porcine (swine) influenza. The new virus was thus initially called ‘swine flu’ even though its pig origin later came into question, and it is now clearly evident that it can spread from human to human.
Rapid risk assessment: Increase in OXA-244 -producing Escherichia coli in the European Union/European Economic Area and the UK since 2013, first update
20 Jul 2021 - Rapid risk/outbreaks assessment aim at supporting the countries and the European Commission in their preparedness and response to a public health threat. They provide a timely summary and risk assessment of a public health threat for EU/EEA countries related to a specific event. They also include potential options for response. As outbreaks or public health events develop, ECDC may issue updated risk assessments.
Rapid Outbreak Assessment: Multi-country outbreak of Salmonella Braenderup ST22, presumed to be linked to imported melons
20 Jul 2021 - Between 15 March and 6 July 2021, 348 confirmed S. Braenderup sequence type 22 (ST22) cases were reported in 12 European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) countries and the United Kingdom (UK).
Threat Assessment Brief: Implications for the EU/EEA on the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 Delta (B.1.617.2) variant of concern
23 Jun 2021 - The aim of this threat assessment brief is to assess potential public health implications of the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 Delta (B.1.617.2) variant of concern (VOC) for the European Union and European Economic Area (EU/EEA).