Communicable disease threats report, 4-10 December 2016, week 49
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 4 - 10 December 2016 and includes updates on Zika virus and influenza.
During week 49, from 2 to 8 December, ECDC monitored several communicable disease outbreaks that may pose a threat in EU countries.
As of 2 December 2012, 1 993 cases of dengue fever have been reported from the Autonomous Region of Madeira. Between 25 November and 2 December, 102 cases were reported; 54% less than the previous week. Fifty-two cases of dengue have been reported among European travellers returning from the region to their home countries since the start of the outbreak. Additional cases among travellers are not unexpected, as the peak of the tourist season on the island is during the Christmas period.
The CDTR for week 49 also includes information about the novel coronavirus, temporarily named hCoV-EMC. Since April 2012, nine patients who presented symptoms of severe acute respiratory syndrome have tested positive for the novel coronavirus. Cases have occurred in Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Jordan. There have been five associated deaths. ECDC published an update of its rapid risk assessment on 07 December and is coordinating with relevant stakeholders regarding the detection, laboratory diagnosis and management of cases should the threat evolve to affect EU citizens.
Avian influenza overview – update on 19 November 2020, EU/EEA and the UK
20 Nov 2020 - Since 16 October 2020, outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses have been reported in several EU/EEA countries – Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, the Netherlands, and Sweden as well as in the United Kingdom.
Influenza virus characterisation, October 2020
13 Nov 2020 - This is the first report for the 2020–2021 influenza season. As of week 44/2020, only 39 influenza detections across the WHO European Region had been reported to The European Surveillance System (TESSy); 59% type A viruses, with A(H3N2) prevailing over A(H1N1)pdm09, and 41% type B viruses with none having been ascribed to a lineage. This represents a 97% drop in detections compared with the same period in 2019, probably due to the COVID-19 pandemic and measures introduced to combat it.
Influenza virus characterisation - Summary Europe, September 2020
19 Oct 2020 - This is the 10th and final report for the 2019–2020 influenza season. As of week 39/2020, 164 917 influenza detections across the WHO European Region had been reported; 73% type A viruses, with A(H1N1)pdm09 prevailing over A(H3N2), and 27% type B viruses, with 4 480 (98%) of 4 569 ascribed to a lineage being B/Victoria.