Assessing the potential impacts of climate change on food- and waterborne diseases in Europe
After a structured and systematic review of published literature on food- and waterborne pathogens and how they are influenced by meteorological and climate variables, a team of scientists from the University of Bonn developed a computerised interface to access the findings of this literature review. The resulting knowledge base allows users to quickly explore relationships between environmental variables and food- and waterborne pathogens.
This report identifies the relationships between meteorological and climate variables and six food- and waterborne pathogens, by reviewing existing literature, in order to assess the potential impacts of climate change on food- and waterborne disease transmission in the EU.
Climate change projections for Europe for the coming decades anticipate increases in average temperatures, increases in precipitation particularly in the north of Europe, decreases in precipitation in the south of Europe, and an increase in extreme weather events such as droughts, heat waves and flooding.
These changes may impact human health and well-being. Because food- and waterborne pathogens are known to be sensitive to climatic conditions, public health planning and preparedness activities should be informed by the potential impacts that climate change could have on the transmission of these diseases.
In the face of diminishing resources for public health, this study approach can be helpful in assessing different public health strategies for responding to climate change.
A spatial modelling method for vector surveillance
14 Nov 2019 - Vector borne diseases are a specific group of infectious diseases that are a (re-)emerging threat to Europe. One important aspect of preparedness for vector borne diseases is the surveillance of the introduction, establishment and spread of the main disease vectors. ECDC regularly publishes updated vector distribution maps at the NUTS3 level. This document describes a methodology to estimate the vector distribution status for those NUTS3 units for which observations are not yet available . These estimates are produced with spatial modelling techniques, using the currently available distributions to calibrate the modelling process. This document provides an overview of gap analysis procedures, sets out the full methodology, and also provide s details of which methodological components were used with each output provided.
Health emergency preparedness for imported cases of high-consequence infectious diseases
22 Oct 2019 - To support countries in the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) in their review of preparedness system planning, ECDC launches an operational checklist for health emergency preparedness for imported cases of high consequence infectious diseases.
EMIS-2017 – The European Men-Who-Have-Sex-With-Men Internet Survey
29 Aug 2019 - This report presents a comprehensive analysis of the results of a 2017 survey among men who have sex with men (MSM). Based on the responses of some 128 000 participants in Europe, it provides insights on their knowledge of HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmitted infections (STI), sexual behaviour, prevention needs and testing habits.