Detection of human papillomavirus DNA in urine. A review of the literatureArchived
HPV DNA detection in urine is a feasible practice and a useful tool in future research; however, the available studies dealing on the topic appear too diverse in their setup and applied methodology to draw conclusive statements. The standards used for HPV DNA detection in cervical smears may not lead to satisfactory results when applied to urine, and there is need to improve and standardise urine sampling methods, storage conditions, sample preparation, DNA extraction, and DNA amplification.
Vorsters A, Micalessi I, Bilcke J, Ieven M, Bogers J, Van Damme P. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2012 May;31(5):627-40. Epub 2011 Aug 5.
World Health Organization recommendations for the influenza virus vaccine composition for the 2020 southern hemisphere season
11 Oct 2019 - On September 2019, WHO has agreed on the recommended composition of the quadrivalent and trivalent influenza vaccines for the southern hemisphere 2020 influenza season.
Extensively drug-resistant gonorrhoea: risk of further dissemination within and across Europe
1 Apr 2019 - ECDC comment on the study 'Detection in the United Kingdom of the Neisseria gonorrhoeae FC428 clone, with ceftriaxone resistance and intermediate resistance to azithromycin, October to December 2018' by Eyre et al. in the Eurosurveillance edition of 7 March 2019.