Communicable disease threats report, Week 31, 26 July - 1 August 2015
This issue of the ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) covers the period 26 July - 1 August 2015, and includes updates on anthrax, cutaneous diphtheria, louse-born relapsing fever, West Nile fever, measles, rubella and Ebola virus.
Facts about epidemic louse-borne typhus
Louse-borne typhus is responsible for large epidemics in populations with poor sanitary and overcrowded conditions. The disease can be severe with a mortality of up to 60% without antibiotic treatment.
Facts about Bartonella quintana infection (‘trench fever’)
Bartonella quintana infection (historically called ‘trench fever’) is a vector-borne disease primarily transmitted by the human body louse. It has been recognised as a reemerging pathogen among impoverished and homeless populations — so-called ‘urban trench fever’.