Rapid risk assessment: Increase of Legionnaires’ disease in EU travellers returning from Dubai since October 2016
ECDC observed a significant increase in the number of cases of travel-associated Legionnaires’ disease (TALD) in EU travellers returning from Dubai during the period October 2016 to May 2017 that could not be accounted for by the increase in travel patterns from the EU.
Unusual increase in reported cases of paratyphoid A fever among travellers returning from Cambodia
This rapid risk assessment analyses the unusual increase in the number of paratyphoid A infections in EU travellers returning from Cambodia since March 2013 with a possible persistent common source.
Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the 2018 Hajj, Saudi Arabia, 19–24 August 2018
This document assesses the potential risk of outbreaks/transmission of communicable diseases during the 2018 Hajj.
Rapid Risk Assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the Hajj 2017, Saudi Arabia, 30 August – 4 September 2017
This document assesses the potential risk of outbreaks and transmission of communicable diseases during the Hajj taking place between 30 August and 4 September 2017.
Rapid risk assessment: Public health risks related to communicable diseases during the hajj 2019, Saudi Arabia, 9–14 August 2019
In 2019, the hajj will take place between 9 and 14 August. The risk for EU/EEA citizens to become infected with communicable diseases during the 2019 hajj is considered low, thanks to the vaccination requirements for travelling to Makkah (Mecca) and the Saudi Arabian preparedness plans that address the management of health hazards during and after hajj.
- Food- and waterborne diseases
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Mass gathering
- Meningococcal disease
- Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus
- Public health threat
- Saudi Arabia
- Travellers' health
- Vaccine preventable diseases
- Vector-borne disease
Rapid Risk Assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
As of 18 July 2013, 88 confirmed cases of MERS-CoV had been reported worldwide of which 45 have been fatal. To date, all cases have either occurred in the Middle East or have had direct links to a primary case infected in the Middle East. Saudi Arabia has reported 68 cases including 38 deaths. Thirteen cases have been reported from outside of the Middle East. These 13 cases resulted from seven separate chains of transmission. The primary case for each chain had been infected in the Middle East.
Increase of cases of Legionnaires’ disease in EU travellers returning from Dubai, October−December 2016
This report assesses the increase in travel-associated Legionnaires’ disease among returning EU travellers from Dubai, during October−December 2016.
Threat Assessment Brief: Pneumonia cases possibly associated with a novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China
Between 31 December and 5 January, 59 pneumonia cases possibly associated with a novel coronavirus have been reported in Wuhan, China with a common exposure link to Wuhan’s South China Seafood City market.
Rapid risk assessment on influenza A(H7N9) China, 12 April 2013
On 31 March 2013, Chinese authorities announced the identification of a novel reassortant A(H7N9) influenza virus isolated from three unlinked cases of severe respiratory disease in eastern China. This is the first time that human infection with avian influenza virus A(H7N9) has been identified.
Since then, human cases have continued to be reported from eastern China. As of 11 April, there were 38 laboratory-confirmed cases including ten deaths reported from four bordering provinces with a concentration of cases in and around Shanghai. Cases occur sporadically, without obvious epidemiological links. There is currently no confirmed human-to-human transmission.
Rapid risk assessment: Severe respiratory disease associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), 18th update, 30 June 2015
This update was prompted by the epidemic of confirmed MERS cases reported from South Korea in light of an upcoming international sports event (Universiade), as well as the identification of a travel-related MERS case in Thailand.