Tularaemia is a zoonosis (infection that could transmit from animals to humans), A range of wild and domestic animals such as hares or rodents may function as the reservoir for tularaemia, as well as ticks.
Factsheet about plague
Plague is caused by the bacillus Yersinia (Y.) pestis, belonging to the family of the Enterobacteriaceae. It evolved several thousand years ago from Y. pseudotuberculosis.
Facts about variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) is a relatively new and rare neurological disease, classified as a Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (TSE).
Factsheet for health professionals on monkeypox
Human monkeypox (MPX) is a zoonotic viral disease caused by the Monkeypox virus (MPXV). The clinical presentation is similar to smallpox. Human monkeypox causes outbreaks in the tropical rainforest regions of Central and West Africa and is not a notifiable disease at the EU/EEA level. Human monkeypox was recognised as a human disease in 1970.
Factsheet on A(H7N9)
The information contained in this fact sheet is intended for the purpose of general information and should not be used as a substitute for the individual expertise and judgement of healthcare professionals.
Facts about arenavirus
Arenaviruses cause diseases with two types of clinical presentations: neurological and haemorrhagic fever. However, asymptomatic arenavirus infection may occur.
Facts about Sindbis fever
Sindbis virus is widely and continuously found in insects (the main vectors are Culex and Culiseta mosquitoes) and vertebrates in Eurasia, Africa, and Oceania. ECDC factsheet for health professionals
Facts about babesiosis
Babesiosis is an illness caused by a parasite, which infects and destroys the red blood cells. The disease is transmitted mainly by ticks, vector in Europe is mainly Ixodes ricinus.