Surveillance of healthcare-associated infections in Europe 2007
Each year in the European Union, approximately 4 million patients acquire an infection in hospital and approximately 37 000 of them die as a direct result. The most common types of infection are urinary tract infections, pneumonia, surgical site infections, bloodstream infections and gastro-intestinal infections.The primary aim of this report is to present the results of the 2007 surveillance of surgical site infections (with follow-up data until December 2008) and ICU-acquired infections (with ICU stays until March 2008), and to compare these data with those obtained from 2004 until 2006.
Healthcare-associated infections (HAI) are infections that occur after exposure to healthcare. Each year 4 million patients acquire a healthcare-associated infection in the European Union and about 37 000 of them die as the direct consequence of the infection. The most frequent types of HAI are surgical site infections, urinary tract infections, pneumonia, bloodstream infections and gastrointestinal infections.
The HAI-Net report Surveillance of healthcare-associated infections in Europe, 2007 is the first report of the Healthcare-Associated Infections surveillance Network (HAI-Net) after the transition of Improving Patient Safety in Europe Network (IPSE) to ECDC. It includes data on surgical site infections and on HAI in intensive care units in Europe.
A second HAI-Net report presents an update of the results of Surveillance of surgical site infections in Europe, 2008–2009, as well as the trend analysis for 2006–2009. ECDC also publishes the HAI-Net protocol for surveillance of surgical site infections in European hospitals. The main objective of this protocol is to ensure standardisation of definitions, of data collection and of reporting procedures for hospitals participating in the national/regional surveillance of surgical site infections SSI across Europe.
ECDC is fully committed to support the Member States in their efforts to set up national networks for surveillance of HAI, in particular by providing technical support including on-demand country visits, and organising training courses on HAI surveillance.
Antimicrobial consumption - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2019
18 Nov 2020 - In 2019, the average total (community and hospital sector combined) consumption of antibacterials for systemic use (Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) group J01) in the EU/EEA was 19.4 defined daily doses (DDD) per 1 000 inhabitants per day (country range: 9.5–34.1). During the period 2010–2019, a statistically significant decrease was observed for the EU/EEA overall.
Antimicrobial resistance in the EU/EEA (EARS-Net) - Annual Epidemiological Report for 2019
18 Nov 2020 - This report is based on data reported to the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network (EARS-Net) for the period 2015 to 2019, retrieved from The European Surveillance System (TESSy) and ECDC’s decentralised data storage for antimicrobial resistance and healthcare-associated infections (ARHAI) on 10 September 2020.
Influenza virus characterisation, October 2020
13 Nov 2020 - This is the first report for the 2020–2021 influenza season. As of week 44/2020, only 39 influenza detections across the WHO European Region had been reported to The European Surveillance System (TESSy); 59% type A viruses, with A(H3N2) prevailing over A(H1N1)pdm09, and 41% type B viruses with none having been ascribed to a lineage. This represents a 97% drop in detections compared with the same period in 2019, probably due to the COVID-19 pandemic and measures introduced to combat it.