Rapid risk assessment: Outbreak of Ebola virus disease in West Africa - 9th update, 30 January 2015
In the second half of January 2015, WHO reported a significant drop in weekly cases – and the end of the spread of the disease – in all three currently affected countries (Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone).
The risks posed to Europe by the Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic in West Africa are lower than previously as the number of cases decreases each week.
The risk of EVD being imported into the EU or the risk of transmission occurring within the EU remains low or very low because of the range of risk reduction measures taken by the Member States and the affected countries.
Even if lower, EU/EEA citizens travelling to affected countries, especially healthcare workers, are still at risk of being infected, so the recommended risk reduction measures for EU/EEA citizens remain unchanged.
As of 29 January 2015, 22 136 cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD), including 8 833 deaths, have been reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) in nine reporting countries (Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the USA).
Achieving zero cases
The significant drop of EVD cases in West Africa can only continue if control efforts are maintained. The situation in the three most affected countries varies considerably: some areas are experiencing small outbreaks, and the situation is not yet under control. A resurgence of cases and the epidemic remains a possibility. There is also a possibility that the epidemic continues at a low intensity due to incomplete contact tracing and the inadequate management of new infections.
All public health measures should be continued or enhanced in order to mitigate the remaining risk of exposure. Surveillance activities and effective contact tracing should be strengthened in order to achieve zero cases. In this respect, the Ebola outbreak continues to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC).
Continued vigilance is essential in order to ensure that re-entry standards in Europe do not lapse: returnees with high body temperature need to be tested in order to determine the cause of their fever. It is important to keep in mind that the affected countries are at high risk for malaria, and that the influenza season has started in the EU both of which could cause fever.
Rapid risk assessment: Ebola virus disease outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo - sixth update
7 Aug 2019 - This is the sixth update of a rapid risk assessment originally produced on 9 August 2018. The update addresses the impact of active chains of Ebola virus disease (EVD) transmission reported outside the outbreak’s epicentre, specifically in Goma, a provincial capital in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
Rapid risk assessment: Ebola virus disease outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo – fifth update
19 Jul 2019 - This is the fifth update of a rapid risk assessment originally produced on 9 August 2018. This rapid risk assessment addresses the potential public health impact of Ebola virus disease for EU/EEA countries and assesses the likelihood of international expansion.
Rapid risk assessment: Ebola virus disease outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces, Democratic Republic of the Congo – fourth update
17 Apr 2019 - This is the fourth update of a rapid risk assessment originally produced on 9 August 2018. This rapid risk assessment addresses the public health risk associated with the current Ebola virus outbreak in the DRC and its implications for EU/EEA citizens. It was triggered by an increase of EVD transmission in the affected areas over recent weeks, the persistent occurrence of new cases among contacts unknown at the time of EVD diagnosis, the occurrence of a substantial number of cases outside of the ring vaccination contacts and current challenges for the prevention and control of EVD.