Protocols for cohort database studies to measure influenza vaccine effectiveness in the EU and EEA Member States
Changes in the genetic makeup of the influenza virus call for new vaccines on an annual basis. Assessing and monitoring the effectiveness of pandemic vaccines is essential once they become available. Although strain-specific pandemic vaccines are expected to be effective, the early availability of vaccine effectiveness estimates could make a valuable contribution to the success of vaccination campaigns. The generic study protocols presented here summarise all relevant methodological issues related to conducting cohort database studies aimed at measuring vaccine effectiveness for seasonal and A(H1N1)v influenza. All protocols were developed as part of an ECDC project entitled I-MOVE (Influenza Monitoring of Vaccine Effectiveness). Based on these protocols, a number of specific studies will be conducted during the current influenza A(H1N1)v virus pandemic.
Influenza communication guide: How to increase influenza vaccination uptake and promote preventive measures to limit its spread
21 Nov 2019 - The influenza vaccination communication guide provide advice, guidance and campaign materials to support national influenza vaccination campaigns with the purpose of increasing the influenza vaccination uptake in the EU Member States.
Managing heterogeneity when pooling data from different surveillance systems
21 Oct 2019 - This report addresses the heterogeneity that arises from pooling data from different surveillance systems and provides statistical and procedural approaches to minimise or remove its impact. The aim is to support public health specialists and researchers in answering key research and policy questions using available European data to the fullest possible extent.
Options for national testing and surveillance for hepatitis E virus in the EU/EEA - Operational guidance
5 Sep 2019 - This operational guidance, developed by ECDC in collaboration with its hepatitis E virus (HEV) expert group, offers options on the implementation or adjustment of HEV surveillance at a national level.