Objectives of vaccination strategies against COVID-19

Technical report

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Objectives of vaccination strategies against COVID-
19. 23 April 2021. Stockholm: ECDC; 2021.

This document provides an overview of the possible goals of vaccination against COVID-19 and reflects on potential implications.

Executive summary

Rapid deployment of vaccines against COVID-19 may enable non-pharmaceutical interventions to be eased in the coming months. Efficient and effective vaccination strategies should be directed by explicit objectives. Therefore, the setting and prioritisation of clear and measurable goals for COVID-19 vaccination strategies is of crucial importance. In this document we discuss the following four potential goals of COVID-19 vaccination: reduction of pressure on the healthcare system; reduction of overall COVID-19 severity and mortality; re-opening of society and disease elimination.