Food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses - Annual epidemiological report 2014 [2012 data]

Surveillance report
Publication series: Annual Epidemiological Report on Communicable Diseases in Europe
Time period covered: 1 January - 31 December 2012
Cite:

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Annual epidemiological report 2014 – food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses. Stockholm: ECDC; 2014.

The Annual Epidemiological Report 2014 gives an overview of the epidemiology of communicable diseases of public health significance in Europe, drawn from surveillance information on the 52 communicable diseases and health issues for which surveillance is mandatory in the European Union and European Economic Area countries.
 
In order to facilitate more timely publication, this year’s edition of the Annual Epidemiological Report is being first published a disease group at a time and will later be compiled into one comprehensive report. This report presents the epidemiological situation for food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses as of 2012 and describes the statistical and epidemiological methods used.
 
Produced annually, the report is intended for policymakers and health sector leaders, epidemiologists, scientists and the wider public. It is hoped that readers will find it a useful overview and reference to better understand the present situation in relation to communicable diseases in Europe. It should also usefully assist policymakers and health leaders in making evidence-based decisions to plan and improve programmes, services and interventions for preventing, managing and treating these diseases.

Executive summary

  • Campylobacter cases increased in the five-year period between 2008 and 2012 but decreased slightly in 2012. Human campylobacteriosis has remained the most commonly reported gastrointestinal disease in Europe since 2005. Handling, preparation and consumption of broiler meat has been estimated to account for 20%–41% of human campylobacteriosis cases.  
  • Salmonellosis rates continued to decrease with a significant five-year decreasing trend in the EU and decreasing trends in 17 EU/EEA countries. This decrease is mainly attributed to the implementation of successful veterinary control programmes, particularly in poultry. However, salmonellosis is the second most commonly reported gastrointestinal infection and an important cause of foodborne outbreaks in the EU/EEA. The five most commonly reported serotypes were S. Enteritidis, S. Typhimurium, monophasic S. Typhimurium, S. Infantis, and S. Stanley. The increase in S. Stanley was due to the multi-country outbreak related to distribution of contaminated turkey meat. 
  • The case rate of hepatitis A varies greatly across the EU/EEA; with the most affected region being Eastern Europe. Poor water supply and weak infrastructure are associated with virus spread in Eastern European countries and the Balkan region. On the contrary, food-borne hepatitis A transmission has caused three independent multi-country outbreaks in the EU/EEA. In all instances, frozen and fresh berries have been implicated as the vehicle of the infection, raising concerns on food safety and traceability of berry trade within the EU/EEA. 
  • In 2012, the confirmed STEC/VTEC cases decreased by 66% after the large STEC/VTEC O104:H4 outbreak in Germany in 2011, but increased by 36% compared with years 2009 and 2010.The number of reported confirmed STEC/VTEC cases was 5 748 and the overall notification rate was 1.5 cases per 100 000 population in the EU and EEA countries in 2012.

Publication data