ECDC and EFSA joint Rapid Risk Assessment: Cluster of haemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) in Bordeaux, France
Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) is a type of pathogenic E. coli strain capable of producing Shiga toxins. The strains are also known as verotoxin- or verocytotoxin-producing E. coli (VTEC). Virulent strains among this pathotype are also called enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) and can cause illness ranging from mild intestinal disease to severe kidney complications. There are around 250 different E. coli O serotypes producing Shiga toxin, of which over 100 have been associated with human disease. While the serotype O157:H7 is considered as clinically the most important, up to 50% of STEC infections are caused by non-O157 serotypes.
Rapid risk assessment: Cases of Lassa fever in the Netherlands ex Sierra Leone
29 Nov 2019 - On 20 and 24 November 2019, respectively, the Dutch public health authorities confirmed two imported cases of Lassa fever from Sierra Leone. Both were Dutch healthcare workers who worked in a rural hospital in Sierra Leone.
Rapid outbreak assessment: Multi-country outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes sequence type 6 infections linked to ready-to-eat meat products
26 Nov 2019 - Twenty-one cases of Listeria monocytogenes IVb sequence type ST 6 infections have been reported from the Netherlands (19 cases) and Belgium (two cases). This outbreak was identified using whole genome sequencing (WGS) analysis.
Rapid risk assessment - Sexual transmission of dengue in Spain
18 Nov 2019 - Spanish authorities have reported the likely sexual transmission of dengue between two men. One of the men travelled to Cuba and the Dominican Republic (both countries where dengue is endemic) and returned to Spain on 4 September 2019.